University Catalog 2005-2006

Communication (COMM)


100 Public Speaking (3:3:0) Principles underlying effective oral presentations and development of effective presentations for public and professional settings while integrating appropriate technologies. Emphasis on analyzing audience; composing meaningful, coherent messages; conducting responsible research; developing effective arguments; and improving delivery skills to strengthen confidence and credibility.

101 Interpersonal and Group Interaction (3:3:0) Principles underlying effective interpersonal and group interaction, and development of appropriate and effective communication strategies in one-to-one and small group communication settings. Emphasis on analyzing and assessing communication skills necessary to create and sustain effective communication in personal and professional relationships.

140 Forensics Seminar in Creative Arts (1:0:6) Prerequisite: audition. Intensive work in creative forensics events, including rhetorical criticism and informative, persuasive, extemporaneous, after-dinner, and impromptu speaking. May be taken four times.

141 Forensics Seminar in Recreative Arts (1:0:6) Prerequisite: audition. Intensive work in recreative forensic events, including dramatic duo, program interpretation, poetry interpretation, dramatic interpretation, and prose interpretation. May be taken four times.

142 Forensics Seminar in Debate: Affirmative Strategies (1:0:6) Work in affirmative research, case construction, and oral presentation, directed toward affirmative analysis of intercollegiate debate proposition. May be taken four times.

143 Forensics Seminar in Debate: Negative Strategies (1:0:6) Work in negative research, case attacks, and oral presentation directed toward negative analysis of intercollegiate debate proposition. May be taken four times.

145 Newspaper Workshop I (1:1:2) Practical experience in writing, editing, or business aspects of newspaper production at Broadside or other papers. Coordinated by newspaper faculty advisor. May be repeated for total 3 credits.

148 Radio Workshop I (1:1:3) Prerequisite: 100-level COMM course or permission of instructor. Practical experience in production, news writing, promotions, advertising, public relations, programming, or newscasting for the student radio station, WGMU. May be taken three times.

150 Communication Skills for International Students (3:3:0) Prerequisite: international student in first year of study in the United States, or permission of instructor. Introduction to speaking, listening, and nonverbal skills required to communicate appropriately in university study.

157 Video Workshop (1:1:2) Practical experience in learning basics of video production (camera, video, and lighting) May be taken three times.

201 Small Group Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 101 or equivalent course. Principles of communicating effectively in small group situations. Emphasis on problem-solving group communication. Practice in working cooperatively with others to complete projects using systematic approach to problem solving.

202 Mass Media and Communication Systems (3:3:0) Study of the development of various telecommunications and media systems in the United States, including print media, motion pictures, recording industry, telegraphy and telephony, broadcasting and cable, and new communications technologies.

203 Introduction to Journalism (3:3:0) American journalism including components of journalism history and the First Amendment; role of the professional journalist, print, broadcast, and computer-assisted news operations; economics of publishing; and effect of new technologies. Serves as starting point for those interested in journalism careers, and orientation for news consumer interested in learning more about news business operations.

210 Voice and Articulation (3:3:0) Principles of voice production with practice in effective vocal use of American English. Emphasis on student participation.

230 Case Studies in Persuasion (3:3:0) Case study applications of common persuasive message strategies and approaches. Basic principles of persuasive process. Case studies include advertisements, speeches, and persuasive activities from all segments of society.

250 Introduction to Communication Research (3:3:0) Introduces research in the field of communication, with emphasis on developing library skills and generating research questions and hypotheses. Covers basic procedures for research and writing about communication. May be repeated only once.

255 Introduction to Media Literacy (3:3:0) Principles and practices of media literacy. Emphasis on critical viewing, listening, and reading media skills, and media effects on consumer.

260 Basic Debate Theory and Practice (3:1:3) Theory and practice of formal debate. Approaches to analytical reasoning, research, delivery, and conceptual basis for debate. Does not require tournament participation.

261 Theories of Argumentation (3:3:0) Critical analysis of argument within communicative settings. Emphasizes deductive and inductive forms of reasoning, fallacies in reasoning, tests of evidence, and models for such analysis.

299 Research Practicum in Communication (1-3:0:0) Introduction to research methods in communication in the context of assisting with faculty research. Individualized sections taught by arrangement with full-time faculty. Methods taught vary, but generally include data collection, data analysis, and report construction.

300 Foundations of Public Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisites: 3 credits of 100- or 200-level COMM courses, or 60 credits; grade of C- or better in COMM 250. Theories and principles of public communication with emphasis on methods of persuasion, critical analysis, speaker-listener alignments in public setting, and measurements of effective public communication.

301 Foundations of Interpersonal Communication (3:3:0)Prerequisite: 3 credits of 100- or 200-level COMM courses, or 60 credits; grade of C- or better in COMM 250.Theories and principles of interpersonal communication with emphasis on models of communication, verbal and nonverbal message systems, and analysis of communicative relationships.

302 Foundations of Mass Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 3 credits of 100- or 200-level COMM courses or 60 credits; grade of C- or better in COMM 250.Theories and principles of mass communication with emphasis on effects, the media as institution, and role of society.

303 Writing across the Media (3:3:0) Prerequisites: 30 credits and ENGL 302. Introductory course focusing on writing for newspaper stories (hard news and feature), press releases, computer-assisted reporting, writing for broadcast, and advertising. Lab work required. Prerequisite for all communication media writing courses.

305 Foundations of Intercultural Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 3 credits of 100 or 200-level COMM courses or 60 credits; grade of C- or better in COMM 250. Analyzes communication variables as they relate to intercultural encounters. Emphasizes cultureÕs influence on communication process, particularly influence of verbal and nonverbal communication on how message is interpreted.

306 Issues in Intercultural Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 305 or permission of instructor. Continuation of COMM 305. Basic principles of intercultural communication applied to analysis of specific situations involving communication and cultural differences.

307 Field Study in Intercultural Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 305 or permission of instructor. Structured communication learning experience centered on one to three weeks of travel in a foreign environment involving another country or a relevant subcultural group in the United States. Students must complete readings relevant to communication in the host society, laboratory assignments that require the student to make observations about intercultural communication, and a personal learning paper in which the student integrates learning from observation and interactions during the travel. Seminar sessions and lectures. Intercultural communication concepts and principles are used to analyze the studentsÕ observations and communication experiences.

310 Oral Interpretation (3:3:0) Principles and theories of oral interpretation. Practice in oral communication of prose, poetry, and drama.

320 Business and Professional Communication (3:3:0) Study of basic theories and skills of communication in professional contexts, including interviewing, relationship maintenance, small group teams, and public presentations. Emphasizes development of practical and critical thinking skills.

326 Rhetoric of Social Movements and Political Controversy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 300. Social and political forces of contemporary era from a communication perspective with emphasis on political leadership, pressures for social and political change, and transformations in the communicative environment.

330 Principles of Public Relations (3:3:0) Prerequisites: 3 COMM credits and 60 credits, or permission of instructor. Survey of nature, history, scope, and practice of public relations in business, trade associations, nonprofit organizations, educational and government institutions. Principles and practice of public relations, including media relations, issues management, and public service announcements; marketing and research; planning and publicity for special events; house publications; and institutional advertising.

332 Nonverbal Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 3 COMM credits Theory, principles, and methods of analysis of nonverbal communication. Emphasizes physical behavior, facial expression, personal space and territoriality, physical appearance, vocal cues, and environment.

335 Organizational Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 100, 101, or 301, or permission of instructor. Theory, practice, and methods of analysis of communication within organizations. Emphasizes process and structure, interaction formats, mechanisms for modification, and career paths in organizational communication.

340 Forensics Seminar in Creative Arts (1:0:6) Prerequisites: 4 credits of COMM 140 or 60 credits and audition. Intensive work in various types of creative forensics events, including rhetorical criticism and informative, persuasive, extemporaneous, after-dinner, and impromptu speaking. May be taken four times.

341 Forensics Seminar in Recreative Arts (1:0:6) Prerequisites: 4 credits of COMM 141 or 60 credits and audition. Intensive work in various types of recreative forensics events, including dramatic duo, program interpretation, poetry interpretation, dramatic interpretation, and prose interpretation. May be taken four times.

342 Forensics Seminar in Debate: Affirmative Strategies (1:0:6) Prerequisites: 4 credits of COMM 142, or 60 credits and audition. Work in affirmative research, case construction, and oral presentation directed toward affirmative analysis of intercollegiate debate proposition. May be taken four times.

343 Forensics Seminar in Debate: Negative Strategies (1:0:6) Prerequisites: 4 credits of COMM 143, or 60 credits and audition. Work in negative research, case attacks, and oral presentation directed toward negative analysis of intercollegiate debate proposition. May be taken four times.

344 Parliamentary Procedure (1:1:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits or permission of instructor. Procedures of parliamentary law as practiced in voluntary organizations. Practice in leading groups that conduct business according to Roberts Rules of Order, Newly Revised. Brief review of other parliamentary manuals.

345 Newspaper Workshop II (1:1:2) Prerequisite or corequisite: 3 credits of COMM 145, COMM 351, or permission of instructor. Practical experience in writing and editing for student newspaper or other papers. May be taken three times.

346 Yearbook Workshop (1:1:2) Practical experience in promotion, marketing, and sales of video yearbook, or practical experience working on Senior Expressions, a print supplement to the video yearbook. May be taken three times.

348 Radio Workshop II (1:1:3) Prerequisite: COMM 148 or permission of instructor. Intense practical application of previously acquired skills in production, promotions, advertising, public relations, programming, or news writing for student radio station, WGMU. May be taken three times.

349 Student Leadership Seminar (1:3:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits or permission of instructor. Introduction to leadership concepts. Experiential seminar focusing on practical application of leadership concepts in a student organization setting.

350 Mass Communication and Public Policy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 102, 202, or 302, or permission of instructor. Investigates how matters of public importance are communicated via various mass communication channels. Emphasizes regulations to minimize influence of mass media on public decision-making, and media manipulation by pressure groups, politicians, and media gatekeepers.

351 News Writing and Reporting (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 303. Experience in actual news gathering. Students write and report for print and online reporting. Numerous in-class and out-of-class writing assignments train students in the unique styles of print and online journalism.

352 News Editing: Print and Beyond (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 303. Copy preparation, headline writing, news judging, and layout for various forms of print and electronic formats. Introduction to working on news copy desks.

353 Broadcast Journalism (3:3:0) Prerequisites: COMM 303. Investigates unique writing style of electronic media journalists. Emphasizes concise, conversational, and timely news writing. Techniques of mixing words of report with sights or sounds of news story.

354 Radio Production (3:1:4) Prerequisite: COMM 302 or permission of instructor. Theory and practice of operational radio broadcasting. Topics include programming, production, and promotion aspects of commercial and noncommercial radio.

355 Video I: Principles and Practices (3:3:2) Basic video production techniques. Emphasis on camera, audio, lighting, and editing. Lab work required. Prerequisite for all Video II level courses.

356 Video: Performance and Writing ( 3:3:0) Focus on writing for video, performance skills for on-air work, and interviewing.

358 Video II: Producing and Directing (3:2:4) Prerequisite: COMM 355 or portfolio assessment. Introduction to techniques, theory, and practices in producing, directing, and distributing video productions.

359 Media Management (3:3:0) Principles and practices of the management of media from general management techniques to operation of individual departments within a media -organization.

360 Video II: Video Editing (3:2:3) Prerequisite: COMM 355 or portfolio assessment. Focus on advanced techniques in editing (both analog and digital), and visual communication theories that underlie video -editing.

361 Advanced News Writing and Research: Electronic Journalism (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 303 or permission of instructor. Focuses on online journalism, research, reporting, webpage and weblog creation, and writing for Internet.

362 Argument and Public Policy (3:3:0) Development of argumentative skills while examining contemporary public policy. Several methods of argumentative analysis applied to design and implementation of public policy. Students learn by constructing, examining, and using public argument.

363 Advanced Media Production (1:1:3) Prerequisite: two courses completed in area of media production focus. Practicum for students with production experience; students produce a final resume in area of expertise.

365 Women and Media (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 302 or permission of instructor. Introduction to concepts of power and influence of mass media. Allows students to see themselves as products, as well as producers of media influence, and gives sense of womenÕs roles as media professionals and consumers.

366 Visual Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 103 and COMM 355. Teaches visual communication theories and applies them to creation of videos, web pages, multimedia production, Computer Based Training (CBT) and other technologies. Covers limits of visual communication in terms of perception, economics, and technology. Partial distance course that includes viewing of video modules, and using electronically mediated discussion.

370 Feature Writing (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 303. Introduces aspiring journalists to research techniques and critical writing skills needed to produce publishable magazine or newspaper feature stories.

375 Mass Communication Advertising and Promotions (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 302 or permission of instructor. History, regulation, and ratings of advertising, as well as media buying, advertising campaigns, and strengths and weaknesses of media vehicles used in advertising.

380 Media Criticism (3:3:0) Examines practical criticism of a wide variety of media texts including television programs, newspapers, articles, films, photographs, and advertisements. Introduces principles of major contemporary modes of analysis for systematically interpreting visual and verbal forms of communication.

389 Association Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits or 3 credits of lower-division COMM courses. Principles of editing and journalism applied to publications, public relations, and advertising needs within corporate environment. Job requirements of editorial positions in public relations, publications, and information as defined by trade associations, nonprofit organizations, and large corporations.

390 Case Studies in Public Relations (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 330. Focuses on current issues in corporate, government, and nonprofit public relations.

391 Writing for Public Relations (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 303. Focuses on public relations writing including news releases, client memos, materials for broadcasting, speeches, brochures, journals and advertisements. Includes writing styles, formats, organization, and writing research.

399 Special Topics in Communication (1-3:3:0) Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Topics vary; some require laboratories. May be repeated.

400 Research Methods in Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisites: COMM 250 and at least two of COMM 300, 301, 302 or 305. Exploring applications for primary research methodologies used in communication. Research project, with focus on survey, critical ethnographic, or experimental methodologies.

401 Interpersonal Communication in the Workplace (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 301 or permission of instructor. Comprehensive study of theories and research associated with the dynamics of interpersonal relationships in the workplace. Emphasizes individual motivation, interpersonal needs, communication styles in the workplace, leadership, problem solving, decision making, diversity, interpersonal conflict, individual adaptation to organizational change, and influence of technology on workplace relationships.

412/GOVT 412 Politics and the Mass Media (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103 or permission of instructor. Responsibilities and freedoms of mass media in a democracy. Influence of media on citizensÕ opinions, elections, and decisions of public officials.

420 Senior Seminar in Theories of Communicative Interaction (3:3:0) Prerequisite: minimum satisfactory grade in COMM 250, 300, 301, and 302. Primary theories explaining human communicative behavior: traditional rhetorical, contemporary social science, critical, and mass communication theories.

425 Honors Seminar in Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 80 credits, cumulative GPA of 3.50. Examines foundations, connectedness, and applications of numerous communication theories across the discipline. Honors project required.

430 Persuasion (3:3:0)Prerequisite: COMM 230 or permission of instructor. Theories of persuasive communication including traditional and contemporary attitudinal change theories; relationship among speaker, message, and audience; and relationship between attitudinal and behavioral change.

431 Information Technology and the Political Process (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits or permission of instructor. Studies impact of information network of wire and wireless communications and computers on political process in advanced industrial countries.

432 Political Communication (3:3:0) Studies how political communication functions to shape the development of Òpolitical reality.Ó Interactions between media and politics examined with respect to the ways communication functions in political settings.

434 Interviewing (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits or permission of instructor. Theory, principles, and practical skills essential to interview process. Emphasizes information-gathering, journalistic, persuasive, employment, and performance-appraisal interviews.

435 Computers and Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits. Practical application, skill development, and theoretical and critical assessment of computer-mediated communication. Discusses culture and language, functional and dysfunctional communication, social interaction, critical perspectives and ideology, freedom and responsibility, and images of the future. Students contract for course assignments within course categories.

450 Internship in Communication (3:1:0) Prerequisite: 75 credits, major or minor in communication (telecommunications or electronic journalism), 15 credits in COMM for majors, 12 credits for non-COMM majors, and permission of department. See department for procedures. On-the-job training in communication through approved field work study programs. Internships arranged and supervised by Department of Communication through internship coordinator. Related class work in resume preparation and job interviewing. May be repeated up maximum 6 credits.

451 Facilitating Communication Education (3:1:5) Theory and practice in facilitating the learning of communication principles and skills. Students work as instructor aides in lower- division classes under supervision of faculty member. Activities include facilitating small group activities and individually critiquing oral performances.

452 Media Production Practicum (3:1:0) Prerequisite: COMM 303, 348, or 355. Theory and practice in creation, distribution, and response to media productions. Students complete minimum 150 hours of work as assistants to engineers, producers, directors, and organizers of media production facilities on campus, under supervision of faculty members. Activities include working on telecourses, public relations videos, and multimedia projects; aiding in creation of in-house productions for departments; and working as a cable caster for Master Control operations on campus.

454 Free Speech and Ethics (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 300, 302, or permission of instructor. Major issues surrounding roles of speech, press, and electronic media in society. Includes history of free speech and press issues in society, government role in regulating marketplace of ideas, and responsibility of individual in a free society.

455/HIST 455 History of Print Journalism (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 3 credits in COMM or HIST courses. Development of print journalism, with emphasis on interaction of technology, audience, and government intervention. Topics include birth of the press, development of the modern newspaper, and American development including Revolutionary and Civil wars, rise of the independent press, and yellow journalism.

456 Comparative Mass Media (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 302 or permission of instructor. Survey of major foreign mass media systems as they compare with the American system. Focuses on broad dimensions of international mass media, and describes the issues facing global journalism and media systems. Provides substantive framework for critical evaluation of various national media systems.

465 Topics in Communication and Gender (3:3:0) Explores selected topics involving gender and communication. Topics may include gender and culture, women as rhetors, male/female communication, and communication and gender roles. Specific interests examined, ideally in a seminar setting. Course may be repeated with approval of department.

475 Journalism Law (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 60 credits or permission of instructor. Law as it relates to the working journalist. Topics include libel, invasion of privacy, free press and fair trial, First Amendment, broadcast regulation, access to media, advertising, and the effect of new technologies on these issues. Extensive use of Òcase approachÓ involving the study of leading court decisions in mass media law.

499 Independent Study in Communication (3:0:0) Prerequisites: 75 credits and permission of department. Study of a selected area in communication. Independent study application must be processed before start of semester in which work is to take place. May be repeated. Communication courses at the 500 level open to postbaccalaureate students or advanced undergraduates with permission of department.

504 Communication and Interpersonal Conflict (3:3:0) Theoretical introduction and experiential learning in role of communication in conflict management. Focuses on interpersonal interactions, including dyadic and small-group levels in various settings such as friendships, marriage, family, and workplace. Examines factors that generate conflicts, and communication strategies and skills that help shape conflict interaction toward productive ends.

506 Communication in International Organizations (3:3:0) Analysis of communication variables as they relate to organizational and managerial functions within international organizations. Topics include developing understanding of how cultural differences influence managerial activities, and learning to deal effectively with differences.

510 Studies in Oral Interpretation (3:3:0) Comprehensive examination of role of oral communicator in selection, adaptation, and performance of literature. Topics vary depending on genre being considered. May be  repeated three times for credit if each course devoted to a different genre.

530 Theories of Small Group Communication (3:3:0) Advanced-level theory and practice of small group interaction. Examination of current research. Focus on learning applications of theories to relevant settings.

542 Directing Debate Activities (3:3:0) Theory and practice of competitive debate. Emphasis on traditional and contemporary theories of debate, administrative activities related to the direction of a debate program, and methods of instruction in debate, including analysis of current debate topic. Designed for novice and experienced debate coaches.

551 Developing StudentsÕ Speaking and Listening Skills (3:3:0) Emphasis on development of assignments that develop communication competence in children and adolescents. Covers five functions of communication and their development in the context of integrating basic skills at the elementary level and direct teaching at the secondary level, and philosophies of communication education and curriculum development as well as competency assessment.

554 Telecommunications Policy and Regulation (3:3:0) Reviews history and principles of telecommunications regulation. Studies relevant policy-making and regula-tory institutions and their roles in charting U.S. telecommunications course. Examines role of citizens and lobby groups in regulatory -process.

590 Seminar in Communication (3:3:0) Intensive study of specific topics communication. Specific content varies. May be repeated for credit.

601 Communication in Professional Relationships (3:3:0) Theoretical perspectives and relevant research related to communication strategies and skills useful in various professional roles and situations. Relates theoretical foundations to practice, allowing students to assess theories of communication and applications in individual professional fields.

602 Theories and Research of Mass Communication (3:3:0) Theories of mass communication that have guided development of mass media. Emphasizes major scientific and humanistic approaches to question of mass media effects.

604 Communication Research Practicum (3:3:0) Prerequisites: COMM 634 or permission of instructor. Helps students in the communication masterÕs program determine focus for program of study, thesis, and masterÕs projects. Readings in applied communication research. Exercises in topic selection and analysis.

605 Intercultural Communication (3:3:0) Analysis of communication variables as they relate to communication across cultures. Topics include nonverbal communication, time conceptualizations, perceptions and attitudes, values, social organization patterns, cultural norms, language, ethics, conflict across cultures, and research in intercultural communication.

620 Health Communication (3:3:0) Examines interpersonal communicative processes associated with health in consumer-provider, family, and health communication campaign contexts. Particular attention to understanding cultural differences in perceptions of and communication about health and disease.

621 Media Advocacy for Nonprofit Organizations (3:3:0) Drawing from scholarship in media studies, critical theory, and public health campaign literature, provides graduate-level introduction to media advocacy strategies for non-profit organizations with limited financial resources.

631 Approaches to Group Facilitation (3:3:0) Introduction to various theoretical and practical approaches to group facilitation with in-depth focus and practice in one approach. Students participate in group sessions, analyze videotapes of decision-making groups, and practice methodologies for facilitating group interaction.

634 Theories of Interpersonal Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: COMM 301 or permission of instructor. Analysis of contemporary theories, concepts, and approaches to the improvement of interpersonal communication. Extensive examination of interpersonal communication research.

635 Organizational Communication (3:3:0) Analysis of communication systems and processes in public and private organizations. Topics include conflict management, group decision making, interviewing, technical presentations, and using various channels for improving internal and external communication for the organization.

636 Communication Consulting (3:3:0) Investigation of theories providing foundation for communication consulting. Provides theoretical information and mechanisms for application necessary to modify communicative behavior within organizations.

637 Risk Communication (3:3:0) Research on sharing information about physical hazards such as toxic waste, radiation, disease, injury, biohazards. Topics include communication concerning workplace safety, environmental problems, risk assessments, and scientific uncertainties.

650 Research Methodologies in Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: graduate standing. Introduces various research methods used by communication professionals. Focus is to achieve an understanding and knowledge of social scientific research (both qualitative and quantitative) and critical analysis through use and application.

651 Communication in the Classroom (3:3:0) Communication theories and skills to manage communicative environment in classroom. Nonverbal aspects of space, time, action, and form considered as they -affect teaching choices. Covers verbal patterns for skills of classroom management, including questioning skills, enhancement of studentsÕ self-concept, systematic feedback, parental communication, and student development.

653 Teaching the College Communication Course (3:3:0) Investigates theoretical and philosophical implications of communication instruction. Exposes graduate students to principles and practices of teaching college communication courses at upper and lower divisions.

655 Theories of Visual Communication in Telecommunications (3:3:0) Theories of visual communications and how they are used in creating images for web sites, video productions, corporate presentations, virtual reality, computer graphics. Explores problems of fitting messages to the various telecommunications media, how target audience perceives the visual image, and aesthetic demands of products imposed by new technologies.

656 Global Communication (3:3:0) Study of global telecommunication channels and artifacts of international mass communication, with focus on discussion of problems of free flow of information, roles of nations and international organizations in fostering global communication, and other technologies. Perspectives developed as to worldwide social, political, educational, and economic development.

694 Communication Internship (3-6:1-2:0) Prerequisites: 18 graduate credits and permission of department. Students work in approved, professional-level communication position, meeting regularly with internship supervisor from department. Paper, journal are required, as well as minimum 60 hours work for each credit of enrollment. Normally, students enroll in internships at the end of their program of study.

696 Directed Readings and Research (1-3:0:0) Prerequisite: permission of department. Reading and research on a specific topic under direction of faculty member. Written report required; oral or written exam may be required. May be repeated for maximum 6 credits.

697 Independent Production (1-3:0:0) Prerequisite: permission of department. Media or creative production activities under direction of faculty member. Completed production required; written report, oral exam may be required. May be repeated for maximum 6 credits.

798 Communication Studies Project (3:3:0) Final research seminar for all MA in communication students. Students discuss practical and theoretical issues related to project or thesis. Includes readings related to underlying theoretical, methodological, and ethical issues facing contemporary communication researchers and practitioners.

799 MasterÕs Thesis (1-6:0:0) Prerequisite: 24 graduate credits and approval of thesis proposal by faculty committee. Original research endeavor related to studentÕs concentration in communication under supervision of faculty committee. Graded S/NC.

800 Studies for the Doctor of Philosophy in Education (variable credit) Prerequisite: admission to doctoral program in communication. Program of studies designed by studentÕs discipline director and approved by doctoral committee. Students participate in research activity of discipline director and write paper reporting original contributions. May be repeated.

806 Seminar in Communication Skills for Teaching (3:3:0) Prerequisite: admission to doctoral program or permission of instructor. Study of principles and practices underlying effective lecturing and leading instructional discussion. Application to studentÕs field of study encouraged to establish teaching -environment.