University Catalog 2005-2006

Information Technology (IT)

School of Information Technology and Engineering

Graduate courses listed under the Departments of Computer Science; Electrical and Computer Engineering; Civil, Environmental, and Infrastructure Engineering; Information and Software Engineering; Systems Engineering and Operations Research; and Applied and Engineering Statistics are appropriately considered as courses forming an inherent part of this program.

100 Information Technology in Action (1:1:0) Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Designed for students pursuing IT minor. Introduces current issues as well as career-related opportunities in the IT field. Establishes appreciation of the manifold implications of technological change, and motivation for continued, enthusiastic learning in IT.

101 Introduction to Information Technology (3:3:0) Introduces fundamental concepts in information technology that provide technical underpinning for state-of-the-art applications. Presents perspective on range of information technology. Historical development and social implications of efforts in information technology integral part of course.

103 Introduction to Computing (3:1:2) Prerequisite: Knowledge of high school algebra. Through lecture and laboratory practice, introduces nature and uses of computers. Studies widely used applications including word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation software; laboratory projects required in these areas. Additional lectures address computer systems organization, computer communications and networking, legal and ethical considerations (including privacy, intellectual property, and appropriate uses of technology), effective presentation of information, computer security, artificial intelligence, and future of computing and the Internet.

108 Programming Fundamentals (3:2:1) Prerequisite: IT 103. Introduces programming fundamentals and presents software development process. Students learn to write programs in a high-level, object-oriented language.

203 Electronic Documents and Presentation (1:0:0) Prerequisites: basic word processing skills, 45 credits, or permission of instructor. Not available to IT&E majors. Presents hardware, software, and information storage concepts; intermediate-level word processing concepts; web page construction, including tables and frames; and effective presentation principles and presentation software. Covers basic networking tools for web publishing such as (secure-)ftp and (secure-)telnet. Discusses e-mail Ònetiquette,Ó free speech, and intellectual property rights.

204 Spreadsheets and Visualization of Information (1:0:0) Prerequisites: basic word processing skills, 45 credits, or permission of instructor. Not available to IT&E majors. Presents the basics of information representation and media. Students learn to use Excel to create work-sheets and workbooks. Covers cell addressing and formulas, goal seeking, what-if analysis, importing and exporting data, and publishing spreadsheets to dynamic web pages. Different types of charts and graphs introduced and compared. Students learn how to use charts to display information effectively and incorporate charts into documents and presentations. Ethical issues include discussions of computer crime and fraud.

205 Database Management and Security (1:0:0) Prerequisites: basic word processing skills, 45 credits, or permission of instructor. Not available to IT&E majors. Basics of information security, Internet search engines, and different types of database management systems. Students use MS Access to create and link tables, sort and search (query) tables, use forms and create reports. Presents data integrity tools such as combo boxes and validation rules. E-R diagrams used to model relations. Ethical discussions include information privacy, appropriate use and destruction of data, and data integrity.

207 Applied IT Programming (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 108 or CS 112, or permission of instructor. Intermediate Java programming, socket programming, and CGI scripting, POSIX concepts and tools needed to support web-based applications.

208 Program Design and Data Structures (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 108 or permission of instructor. Fundamentals of data structures and analysis of algorithms. Large programs are written in a modern, high-level programming language. Stresses abstraction, modular design, code reuse, and correctness.

212 How Computers Work (3:3:0) A look inside todayÕs personal computers. Covers in nontechnical manner what makes computers ÒtickÓ from transistor basics up to accessing the Internet. Describes all the essential components within a PC and how they interact. Also addresses the latest aspects of computer technology and how they affect computer use and operation. Presentations of actual hardware included so that students can visually appreciate the complexity of the circuitry involved.

213 Multimedia and Computer Graphics (3:2:1) Prerequisites: IT 103, 108. Through lecture, class demonstration, class discussion, and hands-on lab experience, introduces multimedia and web computer graphics. Focuses on development of web-enabled multimedia applications from a practical business perspective. Technological, aesthetic, and human factors introduced and discussed.

214 Database Fundamentals (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 103. Introduction to relational database management systems and their applications. Students learn about types of databases, data modeling, designing relational databases, normalization and relationships, and recent trends in database management, including web applications. Students apply learned concepts using a modern database application to create tables, queries, forms, and reports.

221 Introduction to Information Security Technologies (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 108 and MATH 108. Overview of information security technologies as applied to operating systems, database management systems, and computer networks. Symmetric and asymmetric cryptography, application of cryptography in Internet security protocols. Access control models and mechanisms. Role-based access control. Intrusion detection and response. Secure electronic commerce.

222 Introduction to Information Security Policy and Management (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 103. Covers principles of security auditing, intrusion-detection tools, and computer forensics. Authentication, documentation of computer crimes, and chain-of-evidence procedures are presented. Discusses laws and law enforcement authorities, civil cyberdefense, and applications of computer security in the information warfare age.

250/STAT 250 Introductory Statistics I (3:3:0) Prerequisite: high school algebra. Elementary introduction to statistics. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability, estimation and hypothesis testing for means and proportions, correlation, and regression. Students use statistical software for assignments. f,s,sum

300 Modern Telecommunications (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 101, MATH 108, 111. Comprehensive overview of telecommunications, including current status and future directions. Topics include a review of evolution of telecommunications; voice and data services; basics of signaling, digital transmission, network architecture, and protocols; local area, metropolitan, and wide area networks and narrow band ISDN; asynchronous transfer mode and broadband ISDN; and satellite systems, optical communications, cellular radio, personal communication systems, and multimedia services. Examples of real-life networks provided to illustrate basic concepts and gain further insight.

304 IT in the Global Economy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 103 or equivalent. Students cannot receive credit for both IT 304 and CS 305 or 306. Explores how IT has changed the nature of society and contributed to evolution of global economy. Examines changing nature of work, education, and communication, as well as ethical issues such as intellectual property rights, computer-related crime, privacy concerns, and public policy issues.

308/INFS 310 Program Structure and Design for Business Applications (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Computer programming course in high school or college. Teaches structured programming and design using a high-level language. Focuses on program design, coding, debugging, and documentation.

314/INFS 311 Database Management (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 108 or IT 308/INFS 310 or CS 112. Study of logical and physical characteristics of data and their organization in computer processing. Emphasizes data as a resource in computer applications, and examines database management system (DBMS) software and design, implementation, and use.

331 Web I: Introduction to Web Development (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 103, 108 and 213. Introduces terms and concepts necessary for successful web design. Covers differences between Internet browsers, user computer configurations, standard protocols, XML compatibility, and accessibility issues. Student learn to develop web pages to display images, tables, forms, and frames both with a text editor and with a more powerful WYSIWYG HTML editor. Other topics include introductory Dynamic HTML (DHTML) and Cascading Style Sheets. Graphic development tool enables students to develop graphics files for their projects—png, gif, jpg, and animated gifs.

332 Web Site Administration (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 331 and 341, or permission of the instructor. Web server administration and web security. Property sheets related to these sites and security features. Hosting multiple web sites on the same web server and associated performance issues. Application-level password security.

341 Networking Essentials (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 101, 108, 212; MATH 108; or permission of instructor. Introduces basics of network security tools, administrative tools, network protocols, and fundamentals of TCP/IP using standard operating systems.

342 Operating Systems Fundamentals (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 101, 108, 212 and 341; junior standing; or permission of the instructor. Practices and procedures for installing and configuring modern operating systems, including user accounts, file, print, and terminal servers, mobile computing, and disaster recovery. Through practical lab sessions, students receive real-world experiences with multiple operating systems.

350 Introduction to Entrepreneurship (3:3:0) Introduces concept of entrepreneurship and the skills, concepts, and information entrepreneurs use. Examines why and how entrepreneurs start companies, and how this is different from the way large companies expand operations. Introduces through readings, lectures, and exercises the concepts and methods needed for students to start their own company. After completing this course, students should have the skills needed to develop and write a good first draft of a business plan.

353 Information Warfare (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 101 and 103 (or equivalent courses) and either IT 221 or IT 222. Examines and assesses the role of information technology as a tool of warfare. Topics include physical attacks, cyberterrorism, espionage, Òpsyops,Ó biometrics, C4SIR, and applications of encryption technology. Students research and write about the social, ethical, and political effects of such technology.

362/STAT 362 Introduction to Computer Statistical Packages (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 250/STAT 250 or equivalent. Use of computer packages in the statistical analysis of data. Topics include data entry, checking, and manipulation; and use of computer statistical packages for regression and analysis of variance.

414/INFS 414 Advanced Database (3:3:0) Pre-requisite: IT 214 or equivalent. Explores advanced concepts of database modeling using an enterprise-level database management system. Topics include object-oriented database processing, data integrity, transactions, locks, concurrency control, backup, recovery, optimization, data mining, Internet databases, server programming, and security.

431 Web II: Intermediate Web Development (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 108 and 331, or permission of instructor. Continuation of Web I. Rapid Application Development (RAD), client- and server-side scripting for user and database interaction. Students build on their skills in both client and server-side scripting using the Document Object Model. Session/cookie management. Privacy and integrity issues discussed.

441 Network Servers and Infrastructures (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 341; MATH 108, 125; and junior-level standing or permission of instructor. Covers IP networking concepts and practices for using DHCP, DNS, secure communication, routing, remote address services, web servers, and network connectivity between operating systems. Students learn TCP/IP, routing architecture, and understand application level services used in the Internet. Through networking lab sessions, students focus on using switches and routers connected in LANs and WANs. Term project.

443 IT Resources Planning (3:3:0) Prerequisite: junior standing in the BS in information technology program, or permission of the instructor. Provides essential strategies and procedures for planning, organizing, staffing, monitoring, and controlling the design, development, and production of a system to meet a stated IT-related need in an effective and efficient manner.

462/INFS 462 Information Security Principles (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 212 or equivalent. Study of security policies, models, and mechanisms for secrecy, integrity, availability, and usage controls. Topics include models and mechanisms for mandatory, discretionary, and role-based access controls; authentication technologies; control and prevention of viruses and other rogue programs; common system vulnerabilities and countermeasures; privacy and security policies and risk analysis; intellectual property protection; and legal and social issues.

466/INFS 466 Network Security (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 212 or equivalent, and IT 221. Symmetric and asymmetric cryptography; encryption, message-authentication codes and digital signatures; cryptographic authentication; digital certificates and public key infrastructure; the standards process; cryptographic protocols; IP, SSL/TLS, IPSEC and related protocols; secure e-mail; and intrusion detection designing secure networks.

468 Cyber Security Capstone (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 108, 221, 341, 342, 466, and 492; or permission of instructor. In-lab course on defending computer networks against attempts to harm the system and its components; hardening tools include firewalls, intrusion detection systems, network scanning devices, and protection against denial of service attacks, e-mail bombs, buffer overflow attacks, root kits. Students harden their site and protect it against attack on a real, full-featured isolated network. Discusses ethics and legal implications.

471 Applications of Digital Technologies (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 108 and 212, and high school algebra. Technologies and applications of digital components used in modern IT systems. Topics include microelectronics, including chip manufacturing and chip design, microprocessors on a chip, other digital components such as light emitting diodes (LED) and light sensor infrared technology, and potential future possibilities and limitations of such devices. Application of microprocessors to current technologies includes examples such as modern communications, high-speed networks, fiber-optic technologies in communications and biotechnology, robotics, and high-tech manufacturing.

481 Concepts of Multimedia Processing and Transmission (3:3:0) Prerequisites: IT 108, 213, and 331; or permission of instructor. Fundamentals of signal and image processing, including algorithms for signal processing that have applications to multimedia (voice and streaming video applications). Presents topics in voice coding and recognition, CD and DVD technology, streaming video, WANs and LANs, and videoconferencing technology.

488 Fundamentals of Satellite Communications (3:3:0) Prerequisites: MATH 108, IT 300 and 341, or permission of the instructor. Offers appreciation for space environment and implications for space-based operations. Discusses engineering, scientific, political, and legal aspects of space for exploration and exploitation. Presents different uses of space communications and future trends.

492 Senior Design Project I (3:3:0) Prerequisites: senior standing in the BS in information technology program, and completion of, or concurrent enrollment in, all other required general education courses. First of two capstone courses. Students work in teams on project proposals that demonstrate preparedness as a practicing IT professional. Students must prepare a business plan, software and hardware requirements, schedule and organizational plan, documentation plan, quality control, and a testing strategy. Environmental impact and social implications of the project must be evaluated. Students must show that they have researched relevant laws, treaties, and ethical implications of the project. Oral and written reports evaluated during and at completion of proposal. Final presentation made before faculty panel. Fulfills writing-intensive requirement for the BS in information technology.

493 Senior Design Project II (4:4:0) Prerequisite: senior standing in BS in information technology program, and IT 492 taken previous semester. Corequisite: IT 443. Second of two capstone courses. Students work in teams to complete projects that demonstrate preparedness as a practicing IT professional. Includes ethical challenges. Status reports and engineering notebooks evaluated during the project. Required readings include case studies. Teams, with contributions by each individual student, present final written reports and final presentations before a review panel comprising at least two faculty members.

498 Independent Study in Information Technology (1-3:0:0) Directed self-study of special topics of current interest in IT. Topics must be arranged with instructor and approved by department chair before registering. Maximum of 3 credits.

499 Special Topics in Information Technology (1-3:0:0) Prerequisites: permission of instructor; specific prerequisites vary with nature of topic. Topics of special interest to undergraduates. May be repeated for maximum 6 credits if topics are substantially different.

500 Quantitative Foundations for Information Systems Analysis (3:3:0) Prerequisite: MATH 108 or equivalent. Provides common background in basic quantitative areas focused on decision making, information processing and telecommunications. Topics include a review of pre-calculus, introduction to matrix algebra, problems in optimization, and introduction to probability and statistics. Does not fulfill any IT&E graduate degree requirement.

557 Introduction to Network Science (3:3:0) Prerequisites: bachelorÕs degree in math, science, or engineering; Math 114 and 351. First of a sequence providing broad treatment of principles and technologies of modern telecommunications, combined with computing, that create computer networks. Provides sufficient breadth and depth to allow a technical professional to function as an effective entry-level network engineer. Includes modules in tele-communi--cations principles, telecommunications carrier systems, data communications, local area networks, and wide area network protocols.

657 Advanced Network Science (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 557 or permission of instructor. Second of a sequence of two providing broad treatment of principles and technologies of modern telecommunications, combined with computing, that create computer networks. Provides sufficient breadth and depth to allow a technical professional to function as an effective entry-level network engineer. Includes modules in wireless telecommunications, network security, network management, and advanced network protocols.

746/CSI 776 Calculus of Random Signals (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 652, or CE 630 or 632. Introduction to modern theory of stochastic calculus such as stochastic integrals, martingales, counting processes, diffusion processes, and Ito-type processes in general. Presents applications of the methods to engineering and biology. Focuses on developing necessary concepts rather than mathematical proofs. For graduate students in information technology, electrical engineering, mathematics, operations research, and statistics. a,f

750/CS 750 Theory and Applications of Data Mining (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 681, 687, or 688; or permission of the instructor. Concepts and techniques in data mining and their multidisciplinary applications. Topics include databases; data cleaning and transformation; concept description; association and correlation rules; data classification and predictive modeling; performance analysis and scalability; data mining in advanced database systems including text, audio and images; and emerging themes and future challenges. Term project and topical review.

776/CSI 778 Real Analysis and Statistics (3:3:0) Prerequisites: STAT 652; or ECE 620, 621, and 630. Advanced calculus and linear algebra needed for doctoral work in statistics and related fields. Topology, vector spaces, atrices, continuity, differentiation, sequences and series of real numbers and real-valued functions, Riemann and Riemann-Stieltjes integrals, and multidimensional calculus. Presents applications in probability and statistics including response surface methodology. ir

796, 797 Directed Reading and Research (1-3:0:0) Reading and research on a specific topic in information technology under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated as needed.

803, 804/CS 803, 804 Doctoral Tutorial in Information Technology (3:3:0) Individualized intensive study of particular aspects of information technology. May be repeated as needed.

809/CS 809 Scaling Technologies for E-business (3:3:0) Prerequisites: at least one operating systems and one networking course, and admission to an IT&E doctoral program. From quantitative point of view, discusses characteristics of the most important technologies used to support the implementation of e-business sites. Includes topics such as hardware and software architectures of e-business sites, authentication, and payment services, understanding customer behavior, workload characterization, scalability analysis, and performance prediction. Term paper and project required.

811/CS 811 Principles of Machine Learning and Inference (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 680, 681, or permission of instructor. Presentation of unifying principles that underlie diverse methods, paradigms, and approaches to machine earning and inference. Reviews most known learning and inference systems, discusses their strengths and limitations, and suggests the most appropriate areas of their application. Students get a hands-on experience by experimenting with the state-of-the-art learning and inference systems and work on projects tailored to their research interests.

812/CS 812 Advanced Topics in Natural Language Processing (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 680. Advanced treatment of topics in syntax, semantics, and generation of linguistic output. Implementation and applications are also discussed.

814/CSI 801 Foundations of Computational Science (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 735 or equivalent. Investigation methods for scientific questions in the presence of teraops computation, gigabyte memory, and gigabit transmission. Mapping of mathematical models to parallel algorithm and architectures, associated data structures, languages, operating systems, networks, and global change demonstrate important scientific accomplishments enabled by computation. Working in teams with scientists and information technologists, students learn mathematical models, abstract algorithms, and concrete algorithms, and conduct experiments and simulations.

815/CS 815 Parallel Computation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 635 or IT 816 or CSI 801. Topics illustrating some of the contemporary thinking on architectures, application, development environments, algorithms, operating system related issues, language requirements, and performance for parallel computation.

816/CS 816 Parallel Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications (3:3:0) Prerequisites: CS 583 and computer architecture course. Familiarization for students in area of parallel architectures, algorithms, and parallel computers. Various algorithms and their applicability to certain architectures are discussed. Compares these parallel algorithms with certain tools, and explores applications to artificial intelligence, image processing, and database machines.

817/CS 817 Neural Networks (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 688 or permission of instructor. Study of adaptive and competitive principles using distributed and parallel computation. Topics include background from statistics, control, adaptive signal processing, and neurosciences. Basic models, such as those suggested by Grossberg, Hopfield, and Kohonen, are discussed in terms of their analytical characteristics and applications. Neural networks assessed as universal approximators. Presents connections to the fuzzy approach established through the Radial Basis Function approach. Applications to perception, knowledge-based systems, and robotics are presented.

818/CS 818 Topics in High Performance Computer Systems (Scalable E-business Site Technologies and Models) (3:3:0) Study of technologies and architectures used to support e-business sites: multitier software and hardware architectures, security protocols, and payment protocols. Performance metrics for e-business. Performance impacts of e-business technologies. Performance models of ecommerce technologies. Workload characterization for e-business.

819 Computational Models for Probabilistic Inference (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SYST 664 or 652. Graphical models for encoding conditional independence assumptions in a multi-variate discrete probability distribution. Includes computational methods for updating probabilities when evidence is observed on some variables in the model. Algorithms for finding the most probable instantiation of the network. Applications in expert systems and decision analysis.

821 Software Engineering Seminar (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SWE 621. Study of the application of software engineering principles, design methods, and support tools through real-life problems extracted from faculty and industry projects. May be repeated with a change in topic.

822 Software Maintenance and Reuse (3:3:0) Prerequisites: CS/SWE 621 (or equivalent), data structures, principles of modern programming, discrete mathematics, or permission of instructor. Perfective maintenance, reuse of software components and patterns, evolving software systems, principles of object-oriented analysis and development. Presents issues regarding technologies supporting perfective software maintenance and reuse.

823 Software for Critical Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisites: SWE 620 and STAT 554. Study of software for systems in which failure can be catastrophic. Techniques to construct and analyze software for critical applications and examination of inherent limitations of such techniques are presented, as well as interaction between techniques used during development and behavior of software during operation. Topics include tolerance of software faults, design redundancy, data redundancy, software safety, formal methods, statistical testing, design for analyzability, and design for testability.

824 Program Analysis for Software Testing (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 540 or CS/SWE 637 or permission of instructor. Different methods for analyzing software, primarily for the purpose of testing. Analysis techniques, specific algorithms, tools, and applications. Goals are to explore the current research issues, learn how to build software analysis tools, and understand how these techniques can be applied to software development activities. Focuses on applications for testing software, including automatic test data generation, object-oriented testing, and testing client-server applications. Analysis techniques for other software-related activities such as maintenance, reuse, object-oriented development, metrics, and optimization are also considered.

830/ECE 734 Detection and Estimation Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisites: ECE 528 or permission of instructor. Introduction to detection and estimation theory with communication applications. Topics include M-hypotheses, Bayes, minimax, Neyman-Pearson criterion, detection of signals in AWGN and ACGN, Bayes estimation, ML estimation of signal parameters in AWGN and ACGN, estimation of Gaussian waveforms in Gaussian noise, linear MSE estimation, and Kalman and Wiener filters.

832/ECE 735 Data Compression (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 528 or permission of instructor. In-depth study of lossy data compression techniques based on vector quantization with application to speech, image, and video signals. Vector quantization of both signalÕs waveform and commonly used parametric statistical models such as the autoregressive model are covered. Topics include scalar quantization, predictive quantization, transform coding, entropy coding, and variations on basic vector quantization such as constrained vector quantization and variable rate vector quantization.

833/ECE 739 Satellite Communication (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 631. Introduction to the theory and applications of modern satellite communications. Topics include satellite channel characterization, channel impairment and transmission degradation, link calculations, modulation, coding, multiple access, broadcasting, random access schemes, demand assignment, synchronization, satellite switching and onboard processing, integrated service digital satellite networks, and satellite transponder, ground stations, packet switching, and optical satellite communications.

834/ECE 742 Telecommunications Networks (3:3:0) Prerequisites: ECE 528 and 642, or permission of instructor. Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model, analysis and modeling of layered network architectures including transport and higher layers, performance evaluation of System Network Architecture, DEC Network Architecture, and other telecommunication architectures. Protocols and standards for local, metropolitan, and wide area networks are also discussed. Topics include high-speed packet switching, broadband multimedia protocols, and congestion control in broadband integrated networks.

835/CS 835 Computational Vision (3:3:0) Prerequisites: CS 682 and 686, or permission of instructor. Study of recent advances in development of machine vision algorithms and knowledge-based vision systems. Topics include scalespace; Gabor and wavelet processing; distributed and hierarchical processing using neural networks; motion analysis; active, functional, and selective perception; object and target recognition; expert systems; data fusion; and machine learning. Emphasis is on system integration in terms of perception, control, action, and adaptation. Applications to robotics, intelligent highways, inspection, forensic, and data compression are presented.

836/ECE 836 Special Topics in Detection and Estimation Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 734. Advanced topics in detection, estimation, and signal processing in areas of current research interest. Topics may include spectral estimation, speech recognition, array processing, SAR, underwater acoustics, or higher order spectra.

837/ECE 754 Optimum Array Processing I (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 734. Optimum antenna array processing for communications, radar, and sonar systems. Classical synthesis of linear and planar arrays. Characterization of space-time processes. Spatial AR and ARMA models. Optimum waveform estimation. MVDR and MMSE estimators. LCMV beamformers. Generalized sidelobe cancelers. Robust algorithms. Diagonal loading.

838/ECE 638 Signal Processing Algorithms and Architectures (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 635 or permission of instructor. Study of recent advances in the development of fast-signal processing algorithms and parallel architectures. Topics include fast transforms, multirate processing of digital signals, adaptive filtering, high-resolution spectral analysis, parallel computational arrays, and mapping of signal processing algorithms into array processors.

840/CS 685/ECE 750/SYST 672/CS 840 Intelligent Systems for Robots (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SYST 611, ECE 650, CS 580, SYST 555, or equivalent. Review recent developments in the area of intelligent autonomous systems. Studies applications of artificial intelligence, control theory, operations research, decision sciences, computer vision, and machine learning to robotics as well as correspondences between various fields. Topics include analysis and design of methods, algorithms and architecture for planning, navigation, sensory data understanding, visual inspection, spatial reasoning, motion control, learning, self-organization, and adaptation to the environment.

841/ECE 722 Kalman Filtering with Applications (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 521 and 528 or equivalent or permission of instructor. Detailed treatment of Kalman Filtering Theory and its applications, including some aspects of stochastic control theory. Topics include state-space models with random inputs, optimum state estimation, filtering, prediction and smoothing of random signals with noisy measurements, all within the framework of Kalman filtering. Additional topics are nonlinear filtering problems, computational methods, and various applications such as Global Positioning system, tracking, system control, and others. Stochastic control problems include linear-quadratic-Gaussian problem and minimum-variance control.

842 Models of Probabilistic Reasoning (3:3:0)Prerequisite: STAT 544 and OR 681. Survey of alternative views about how incomplete, inconclusive, and possibly unreliable evidence might be evaluated and combined. Discusses Bayesian, Baconian, Shafer-Dempster, and Fuzzy systems for probabilistic reasoning.

843/ECE 720 Multivariable and Robust Control (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 620 or permission of instructor. Eigenstructure assignment for multivariable systems, the Smith-McMillan form, internal stability, modeling system uncertainty, performance specifications and principal gains, parametrization of controllers, loop shaping and loop transfer recovery, and the H methodology.

844/ECE 749/CS 844 Pattern Recognition (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 549 or CS 580 or permission of instructor. Covers Bayesian and Statistical Pattern Recognition, Neural Network, and Statistical Learning Theory approaches for Pattern Recognition. Topics include BayesÕ theorem, density approximation, multiplayer networks and back propagation learning, pre-processing and feature extraction, data and dimensionality reduction, function approximation and adaptive kernel methods, clustering and self-selection, support vector machines, support vector regression and support vector clustering, evolutionary computation and genetic algorithms, and fuzzy systems. Emphasizes experimental design, performance evaluation, and applications.

845/ECE 780 High-Frequency Electronics (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 520. Study of devices and circuits used in high-speed communication systems. Topics include microwave bipolar transistors, GaAs MOSFETs, and high-speed integrated circuits; and the design of linear and power amplifiers using S-parameter techniques and computer simulation.

846/ECE 721 Nonlinear Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 521. Nonlinear dynamical systems. Motivating examples. Analysis techniques include basic fixed point theory, implicit function theorem, dependence of trajectories on initial data and parameters. Course also covers computational simulation techniques, stability theory, including LyapunovÕs direct method, nonlinear control systems: input-output stability, and absolute stability, strong positive real transfer functions. Feedback linearization of nonlinear systems, nonlinear canonical forms; nonlinear decoupling; sliding control; and applications to adaptive control, neural networks, and robotics are also included.

847/ECE 847 Topics in Photonics (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 565 or permission of instructor. In-depth discussion of specific topics in photonics. Topics include optical storage (disks, holographic, 3D), digital optical computing, integrated optics, photonic switching networks, and optoelectronic devices. May be repeated when covering different topics.

848/ECE 743 Digital Video Communications (3:3:0) Prerequisites: ECE 535 and 642. Coding, transport, and modeling of digital video signals; digital coding of waveforms with emphasis on compression techniques for video signals, transform coding including DCT and rate distortion theory for images, subband/wavelet coding of images, treatment of video signals for different television formats, colorimetry and motion estimation/compensation, general characterization of video traffic, modeling of variable bit rate video codecs, transport protocols for video and multimedia, network-delay compensation for video over ATM, VBR video flow control, and discussion of applications ranging from HDTV/TV over ATM, digital HDTV for terrestrial broadcast, to videoconferencing/desktop multimedia over LAN/WAN.

850 Systems Integration Engineering (3:3:0) Prerequisite SYST 510 or 520. Lifecycles in systems engineering. Large systems comprised of heterogeneous components. The human, organizational, and technological basis for integration. Societal and cultural basis for systems integration. Conceptual frameworks for systems integration. Structure, function, and purpose of the systems integration industry. Risk management and systems integration. User requirements and functional specifications in systems integration. The bid and proposal process for systems integration. Systems integration and the federal government. Standards and Systems Integration. Integration of systems and federations of systems. Integrated process and product development, and systems integration. Systems integration architectures. Systems management and cost estimation in systems integration. Systems integration reengineering. Quality management for systems integration. Increasing returns to scale, network effects, and path dependency issues in systems integration. Systems integration ecology and evolutionary systems integration.

851 Seminar: Topics in Software Requirements (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SWE 620 or 624, or CS 624. Emphasis on the latest research ideas in the requirements engineering domain. Discusses the current state-of-the-art and state-of-the-practice in requirements engineering. Focuses on the most critical problems and discusses how their resolutions might further the requirements research knowledge base and enhance the quality and productivity of real software and system developments in industry. May be repeated when the topic is different.

852/CS 852 Graphical Real-Time Simulation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 652 or IT 875. Current research in advanced computer graphics and its applications in realistic real-time simulations. Topics include physically based modeling, real-time simulation, distributed interactive simulation (DIS), network virtual environments (NVE), and virtual reality (VR).

858/CS 858 Logic Models in Artificial Intelligence (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CS 580. Examination of the relevance of logic theory to artificial intelligence. Familiarizes students with a variety of formal logics that are used in artificial intelligence, as well as ongoing research in new logics. Topics include first-order predicate calculus, resolution and non-resolution theorem proving, nonmonotonic logic, assumption-based reasoning, the relationship between symbolic and quantitative theories of uncertainty, temporal logics, and their application to planning and metareasoning.

860 Software Analysis and Design of Real-Time Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SWE 623. Background for students who want to conduct research in the software engineering of real-time systems. Students gain understanding of key real-time software system analysis, design concepts and methods, and how they are used in the development of large-scale, real-time software systems. Students also gain an understanding of the potential impact of emerging technologies in this field. Term project in the design and analysis of a complex real-time software system is undertaken.

861 Distributed Database Management Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisite: INFS 614 or equivalent. Topics in distributed database management including transaction management, concurrency control, deadlocks, replicated database management, query processing reliability, and surveys of commercial systems and research prototypes.

862 Computer Security Models and Architectures (3:3:0) Prerequisite: INFS 767 and INFS 780.Covers modern computer security models and architectures in the context of large-scale distributed systems, including cross-enterprise systems. Models for role-based access control, lattice-based access control, and delegated administration are studied and compared with respect to formal and pragmatic criteria. Architectures to implement these models based on public-key infrastructure, trusted servers, and other components are studied.

863 Empirical Methods in Information Technology (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 654. Examination of alternative paradigms of scientific research and their applicability to research in information technology. Topics include fundamental elements of scientific investigation, basic principles of experimental design and statistical induction, philosophy of science and its relation to the information technology sciences, and case studies of information technology research.

864 Scientific Databases (3:3:0) Prerequisite: INFS 614. Study of database support for scientific data management. Requirements and properties of scientific databases; data models for statistical and scientific databases; semantic and object-oriented modeling of application domains; statistical database query languages and query optimization; advanced logic query languages; and case studies such as the human genome project and the earth orbiting satellite are covered.

865 Networks and Distributed Systems Security (3:3:0) Prerequisite: INFS 612 or equivalent.Detailed study of network and distributed systems security. Review of basic cryptography and threats and vulnerabilities in distributed systems. Security services and confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control, nonrepudiation, and their integration in network protocols are covered. Topics also include key management, cryptographic protocols and their analysis; access control, delegation, and revocation in distributed systems; and security architectures, multilevel systems, and security management and monitoring.

867 Intelligent Databases (3:3:0) Prerequisite: INFS 760 or permission of instructor. Study of models and techniques that empower database systems with intelligent and cooperative behavior, with emphasis on subjects such as knowledge-rich databases, logic databases, epistemological queries, intentional answering, and knowledge discovery. Topics include user interfaces cooperative query interfaces, interactive query constructors, graphical interfaces, and browsers; uncertainty representing, manipulating, and retrieving uncertain, imprecise, or incomplete information; and formulating and interpreting vague or incomplete queries.

870 Organizational Informatics (3:0:0) Prerequisite: doctoral status or permission of instructor. Examination of the effects of informatics on national and international policy; setting of international policy on informatics; ethical and social change in governments and organization; shaping of national policy in informatics; industry growth; and research methods from various scientific discipline.

871 Statistical Data Mining (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 554 or STAT 663 or permission of instructor. Data mining basic concepts, computational complexity, data preparation and compression, data bases and SQL, rule-based machine learning and probability, density estimation, exploratory data analysis, cluster analysis and pattern recognition, artificial neural networks, classification and regression trees, correlation and nonparametric regression, time series, and visual data mining. as

874 Analysis of Complex Surveys (3:3:0) Prerequisites: STAT 656, 665, and 674 or permission of instructor. Presentation of current theory and methods of statistical analysis of data from complex surveys of finite populations. Includes contingency table analysis and regression analysis; modeling structured populations by multilevel models; and loglinear, logistic, and regression models for stratified and multistage cluster samples. Case studies illustrate methodology. ir

875/CSI 803 Scientific and Statistical Visualization (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 554 or CS 651. Presentation of visualization methods used to provide new insights and intuition concerning measurements of natural phenomena and scientific and mathematical models. Presents case study examples from variety of disciplines. Topics include human perception and cognition, an introduction to the graphics laboratory, elements of graphing data, representation of space-time and vector variables, representation of 3D and higher dimensional data, dynamicgraphical methods, and virtual reality. Students required to work on visualization project. Emphasizes software tools on the Silicon Graphics workstation, but other workstations and software may be used.

876/CSI 876 Measure and Linear Spaces (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 776/CSI 778. Measure theory and integration, convergence theorems, and the theory of linear spaces and functional analysis, including normed linear spaces, inner product spaces, Banach and Hilbert spaces, Sobelev spaces, and reproducing kernels. Topics include wavelets, applications to stochastic processes, and nonparametric functional inference. as

877/CSI 877 Geometric Methods in Statistics (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 751 or permission of instructor. Develops the foundations of geometric methods for statistics. Topics include n-dimension Euclidian geometry, projective geometry, differential geometry including curves, surfaces, and n-dimensional differentiable manifolds, and computational geometry including computation of convex hulls, and tessellations of 2-, 3-, and n-dimensional spaces. Examples include applications to statistics and scientific visualization. af

879 Topics in Stochastic System Simulation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: OR 635 or permission of instructor. Special topics and recent developments in the Monte Carlo simulation methodology for discrete-event stochastic systems. Contents vary and possible topics include statistical analysis of simulation output data, random number and random ariate generation, variance reduction techniques, sensitivity analysis and optimization of simulation models, distributed and parallel simulation, object-oriented simulation, and specialized applications. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

880 Queuing Modeling of Computer-Communication Networks (3:3:0) Prerequisite: OR 645 or 647 or ECE 542; or equivalents. Study of analytical modeling of computer and communication networks and performance evaluations. Topics include Markovian systems, open networks, closed networks, approximations, decomposition, simulation, sensitivity analysis, and optimal operation of systems. Presents local area networks, manufacturing systems, and other applications.

882 Advanced Topics in Combinatorial Optimizations (3:3:0) Prerequisites: OR 641 and 642. Study of problems using most recent developments. Topics include cutting plane procedures based on polyhedral combinatorics, column-generation procedures for large complex problems, heuristic approaches (genetic algorithms, simulated annealing, tabu search), the study of special structures, reformulation techniques and bounding approaches. Topics stress the most recent developments in the field. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

884 Advanced Topics in Nonlinear Programming (3:3:0) Prerequisite: OR 644. Study of theory and algorithms for solving nonlinear optimization problems. Contents vary; possible topics include large-scale and parallel- unconstrained optimization, theoretical issues in constrained optimization, duality theory, Lagrangian and sequential quadratic programming methods. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

885/ECE 752 Spectral Estimation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 528 or STAT 652 or permission of instructor. In-depth study of spectral analysis and its application to statistical signal processing. Topics include classical Fourier analysis of deterministic signals and Wiener theory of spectral analysis for random processes; spectral estimation using the Periodogram and the window approaches; maximum entropy spectral estimation and its relation to autoregression modeling; signal subspace approaches for frequency estimation; and the wavelet transform and its relation to the short-time Fourier transform.

886/ECE 751 Information Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 630 or STAT 644 or equivalent or permission of instructor. Introduction to information theory, the mathematical theory of communication systems. Topics include entropy, relative entropy and mutual information, the Shannon-McMillan-Breiman theorem and its applications to data compression, entropy rate and the source coding theorem, Huffman, arithmetic and the Lempel-Ziv codes, the method of types, channel capacity and the channel-coding theorem, the joint source-channel coding theorem, differential entropy, the Gaussian channel, rate distortion theory, and vector quantization.

888/ECE 753 Distributed Estimation and Multisensor Tracking and Fusion (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 734 or SYST 611. Centralized and distributed estimation theory, hierarchical estimation, tracking and data association, multisensor multitarget tracking and fusion, distributed tracking in distributed sensor networks, track-to-track association and fusion, and Bayesian networks for fusion.

890 Special Topics in Urban Transportation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CEIE 660,560 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. Special topics and recent developments, including traffic safety analysis, simulation in transportation, intelligent transportation systems, and advanced public transportation systems. Congestion management, travel demand management, geographic information systems in transportation, innovative refinancing and public-private partnerships in transportation, information technology in transportation. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

891 Special Topics in Applications of Information Technology to Urban Systems Engineering (3:3:0) Prerequisites: CEIE 670 or permission of the instructor. Special topics and recent developments as applied to civil engineering. Topics include inventive engineering, design engineering, network computing, building and using intelligent agents in engineering, proactive design, etc. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

892 Special Topics in Environmental and Water Resource Systems Engineering (3:3:0) Prerequisite: CEIE 601. Special topics and recent developments in environmental and water resources systems engineering analysis and design. Possible topics include studies in waste minimization; pollution prevention; hazardous waste management; wastewater management; air pollution control; solid waste management; environmental decision making; sustainability; water resource and environmental economics; wetlands management, design and construction; groundwater contamination modeling; stochastic hydrology; river basin planning and management and water quality modeling. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

894 Design and Inventive Engineering (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SYST 573, CEIE 670, or OR 681 or permission of instructor. Topics include evolution of engineering, design engineering, inventive engineering, general design methodology, conceptual versus detailed design, axiomatic design theory, inferential design theory, engineering method in design, design paradigms, case-based design, proactive design, design evaluation, virtual design studio, Internet and browsers in design, creative problem solving, problem -solving methods, and computer tools to support design creativity.

910/CS 910 Advanced Topics in Artificial Intelligence (3:3:0) Prerequisite: graduate course in artificial intelligence. Special topics in artificial intelligence not occurring in regular computer science sequence. Requires substantial student participation. Subject matter may include continuation of existing 600- or 700-level courses in artificial intelligence. May be repeated for credit when subject matter differs.

915/CS 915 Advanced Topics in Parallel Computation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 815. Discussion of current research topics in parallel computation. Topics vary according to student and faculty interest. Possible topics include formal models of concurrency, specification and design of parallel programming languages, logic programming in a parallel environment, and parallel distributed processing (neural networks).

922 Concurrent Object-Oriented Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 822. Comparative study of existing concurrent object-oriented approaches to problem analysis and software construction. Introduces current research issues in concurrent object-oriented systems, concurrency models, and concurrent object-oriented programming languages and development tools.

932/ECE 737 Spread Spectrum Communications (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 731. Fundamentals of spread spectrum communications. Major topics include pseudonoise spread spectrum systems, acquisition, synchronization, timehopping, frequency hopping, and multiple access communication.

937/ECE 755 Optimum Array Processing II (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 837. Adaptive beamformers. SMI and RLS estimators. Spatial smoothing and FB averaging. QR decomposition. LMS algorithm. Optimum detection. Optimum parameter estimation. UML and CML estimation. Cramer-Rao bounds. IQML. Weighted subspace fitting. Subspace algorithms: MUSIC, ESPRIT. Root-versions. Beam-space algorithms. Sensitivity, robustness, and calibration.

940 Advanced Topics in Control and Robotics (3:3:0) Prerequisites: ECE 620, 621, 624, and 650. Advanced and newly developed topics in control and robotics. Content varies depending on current faculty interests and student demand. May include knowledge-based control, intelligent control, hierarchical and distributed control, robust control, and reasoning under uncertainty.

941 System Identification and Adaptive Control (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ECE 621 or permission of instructor. Advanced treatment of identification and adaptive control. Topics include identification algorithms, their convergence and accuracy, and computational aspects; model reference and self-tuning adaptive control, transients, stability and robustness; and intelligent schemes to improve robustness. Students required to study literature and complete computer project.

944 The Process of Discovery and Its Enhancement in Engineering Applications (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 842 or permission of instructor. Study of ingredients of imaginative reasoning as it concerns the efficient discovery of new ideas and valid evidential test of them. Topics include different interpretations of PeirceÕs theory of abductive reasoning, other forms of reasoning, HintikkaÕs analysis of the process of inquiry, and current attempts to design systems that provide assistance in discovery-related or investigative activities.

945/ECE 945 Advanced Topics in Microelectronics (3:3:0)Prerequisite: IT 845. Current topics of advanced research in microelectronics. Topics include very high-speed integrated circuits, monolithic microwave integrated circuits, optoelectronic integrated circuits, novel device structures, and advances in semiconductor device technology. May be repeated with change in topic.

950 Design and Management Aspects of Information Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisite: INFS 790 or equivalent. Impact of organizations and management of information systems (IS) and vice versa. Topics include problems of introducing IS; the effect on organizational economic and political framework; participative design and new techniques for specification, analysis, design, and implementation of IS; rapid prototyping and expert systems; possible conflicts; methods in life-cycle management; and economic analysis.

958 Basic and Applied Decision Support Systems Technology (3:3:0) Prerequisite: SYST 642. Analysis of tools, techniques, and methods that contribute to the design, development, application, and evaluation of interactive computer-based decision support systems. Analyzes state-of-the- art and state-of-the-expectation of basic and applied decision support systems technologies.

962 Advanced Topics in Computer Security (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 862 or 865, or permission of instructor. Current topics of advanced research in computer security. Content varies depending on faculty interests, research developments, and student demand. Requires substantial student participation. May include formal models for computer security, multilevel data models, multilevel database management system architectures, secure concurrency control protocols, distributed secure system architectures, integrity models and mechanisms, security policy, and requirements analysis.

971 Probability Theory (3:3:0)Prerequisite: IT/CSI 876 or equivalent. Review of measure theory concepts needed for probability. Expectation, distributions, laws of large numbers and central limit theorems for independent random variables, characteristic function methods, conditional expectations, martingales, strong and weak convergence, Markov chains, stationary processes. as

972/CSI 972 Mathematical Statistics I (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 652 or equivalent. Focus on the theory of estimation. Principles of estimation are explored, including the method of moments, least squares, maximum likelihood, and maximum entropy methods. Details methods of minimum variance unbiased estimation. Topics include sufficiency and completeness of statistics, Fisher information, Cramer-Rao bounds, Bhattacharyya bounds, asymptotic consistency and distributions, statistical decision theory, minimax and Bayesian decision rules, and applications to engineering and scientific problems. af

973/CSI 973 Mathematical Statistics II (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 972. Continuation of IT 972. Concentration on the theory of hypothesis testing. Topics include characterizing the decision process, simple versus simple hypothesis tests, Neyman-Pearson Lemma, uniformly most powerful tests, unbiasedness of tests, invariance of tests, randomized tests, and sequential tests. Applications of the testing principles are made to situations in the normal distribution family and other families of distributions. as

976/CSI 976 Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 746/CSI 776. Modern theory of parameter estimation and hypothesis testing for stochastic processes, counting processes with random intensities, and solutions to stochastic differential equations driven by martingales. Considers applications to engineering, biology, and economics. as

978/CSI 978 Statistical Analysis of Signals (3:3:0) Prerequisites: STAT 544 and 658 or equivalent. Advanced course in the analysis of discrete- and continuous-time signals using methods of stochastic differential equations and time series. Presumes familiarity with the methods of harmonic analysis and times series modeling. Topics include state-space modeling and eigen-value processing, nonlinear modeling of signals, non-Gaussian stochastic process structure, detection and estimation of vector-valued signals, robust signal detection, with applications to array processing and target tracking.

979/CSI 979 Topics in Statistical Aspects of Information Technology (3:3:0) Prerequisite: STAT 652 or equivalent. Study of statistical science and the body of methods and techniques that convert raw data into information. Contents vary. Such topics as high-interaction statistical graphics, stochastic methods for parallel computing, cryptography and covert communications, order-restricted inference, treatments of imprecision, and the foundations of inference are covered. May be repeated when topics are distinctly different.

980 Advanced Topics in Applied Probability (3:3:0) Prerequisite: OR 645, 647, or permission of instructor depending on topics for the semester. Special topics and recent developments in the field of applied probability. May include computational probability, stochastic point processes, advanced queuing theory, traffic and transportation models, percolation, processes of random aggregation and coagulation, and Markov decision processes. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

981 Advanced Topics in Optimization (3:3:0) Prerequisite: IT 741, 750, 881, 882, or 884. Special topics and recent developments in optimization theory and computation. Contents vary and may include topics in linear, nonlinear, combinatorial, network, global, or stochastic optimization. Prepares students to perform research in optimization, and requires active student participation. May be repeated for credit when topics are distinctly different.

983 Advanced Topics in Network Optimization (3:3:0) Prerequisite: OR 643. Recent developments in solving optimization problems on networks. Prepares doctoral students to perform advanced research on network-related problems. Topics include linear, discrete, nonlinear, and stochastic problems. Several aspects of these problems are also studied, including computational complexity, exact algorithms, heuristics, solvable special cases, and computer implementation issues.

990 Dissertation Topic Presentation (1:0:0) Prerequisite: completion of all course requirements for PhD in IT, or permission of instructor. Opportunity for PhD students to present their research proposal for critique. Covers the presentation of the research topic for the PhD in information technology, and is required of all PhD students. Students complete dissertation research proposal. May be repeated with a change in topic, although degree credit is given once.

991 Engineer Project Presentation (1:0:0) Prerequisite: completion of all course requirements for the engineer degree in information technology, or permission of instructor. Opportunity for engineer degree students to present project proposal for critique to interested faculty and students. Covers presentation of project topic for engineer degree in information technology, and is required of all engineer degree students. Students complete project proposal. May be repeated with a change in topic, although degree credit is only given once.

996 Engineer Project Proposal (1-6:0:0) Work on a project proposal that forms basis for the dissertation for the engineer degree. May be repeated. No more than 12 credit hours of IT 996 and 997 may be applied to engineer degree requirements.

997 Engineer Project Dissertation (1-6:0:0) Prerequisite: admission to candidacy. Formal record of commitment to engineer project dissertation under the direction of advisory committee in information technology. May be repeated as needed.

998 Doctoral Dissertation Proposal (1-12:0:0) Work on a research proposal that forms basis for doctoral dissertation. May be repeated. No more than 24 credit hours of IT 998 and 999 may be applied to doctoral degree requirements.

999 Doctoral Dissertation (1-12) Prerequisite: admission to candidacy. Formal record of commitment to doctoral dissertation research under the direction of faculty member in information technology. May be repeated as needed.