University Catalog 2005-2006

Music (MUSI)

College of Visual and Performing Arts

Private Music Instruction

All private music instruction is by arrangement. Students must consult the director of applied music studies in the Department of Music for teacher assignment and registration numbers. Private music instruction fee applies.

For a music major, music minor, or jazz studies minor: half-hour lesson per week (1 credit), $164.50; hour lesson per week (2 or 3 credits), $329.

Private music instruction is offered in the following areas: accompanying, bassoon, cello, clarinet, composition, conducting, euphonium, flute, classical guitar, jazz guitar, harp, harpsichord, horn, koto, oboe, organ, percussion, piano, saxophone, string bass, trombone, trumpet, tuba, viola, viola da gamba, violin, and voice.

221 and 421 Undergraduate Private Music Instruction (1-3:0:.5-1) Prerequisite: for 1- and 2-credit levels, audition is required (or portfolio of compositions for private composition); for 3-credit level, students must have 8 credits on the major instrument, and approval by appropriate concentration audition committee. To earn 1 credit per semester, students take 14 half-hour private music lessons; to earn 2 or 3 credits per semester, students takes 14 one-hour private lessons. The following amount of practice (or composing) is expected each day: 1 credit, 50 minutes; 2 credits, one hour and 40 minutes; and 3 credits, two and one-half hours.

621 Graduate Private Music Instruction (2-3:0:1) Prerequisite: audition or portfolio of compositions for private composition. To earn 2 or 3 credits per semester, students take 14 one-hour private music lessons. The 3-credit sequence is designed for students working toward the MM degree with a concentration in performance, composition, or conducting.

324, 424, and 724 Junior, Senior, and Graduate Recitals (1:0:0) Corequisite: concurrent enrollment in appropriate 3-credit private music instruction course. Public recital by student during junior or senior year, or during graduate study. Junior recital must be at least 25 minutes long; the senior recital must be at least 50 minutes long. Graduate recitals must be of the following lengths: composition, 30 minutes; conducting, 30 minutes; performance of single or multiple instruments, 50 minutes. All recitals are by arrangement. Students must consult with the director of applied music studies to register and schedule dates.

323 Music Education Recital (0:0:0) Prerequisite: minimum of 8 credits in private music instruction in major instrument; corequisite: concurrent enrollment in the appropriate 2-credit private music instruction course. Recital on the major instrument given by student during junior or senior year. Recital must be at least 25 minutes long. All recitals by arrangement. Students must consult with director of applied music studies to register and schedule dates. Graded S/NC.

100 Fundamentals of Music (3:3:0)Cannot be applied toward degree in music. Study of musical notation, interval and triad construction, reading of treble and bass clefs, scale construction, rhythm, elementary sight singing and ear training, and application at keyboard. s

101 Introduction to Classical Music (3:3:0) Can be taken by music majors as a free elective only. Introduction to art-music tradition of the West. Techniques for expanding listening skills developed through study of musical elements, styles, and selected masterworks of musical literature. f,s

102 Popular Music in America (3:3:0)Can be taken by music majors as a free elective only. Investigates popular music styles and development in the United States with particular emphasis on the past 50 years. Lectures, recordings, and video enhance critical listening skills and examine stylistic and social contexts of popular music. f

103 Musics of the World (3:3:0)For non-music majors only. Study and comparison of musical structure and expression in several world cultures, with special attention to social context and function. Studies selected Asian, Middle Eastern, African, and American (Latin, Native, African) cultures. f,s

104 Introduction to Twentieth-Century Music (3:3:0)Can be taken by music majors as a free elective only. Survey of various styles found in 20th-century music. Tonal, atonal, serial, and experimental music.

105 Music in the United States (3:3:0)Can be taken by music majors as a free elective only. Study of music in the United States from colonial times to present. Through interaction with musical examples, traces significant African and European influences on emerging style and artistic activity in the United States.

107 The Development of Jazz (3:3:0) Can be taken by music majors as a free elective only, or as part of jazz studies concentration. Historical, analytical, and aural survey of jazz from inception to present day. Looks at trends resulting from synthesis of jazz with other musical idioms.

113 Sight Singing and Ear Training I (2:3:0)Prerequisites: MUSI 115 and 171, or permission of instructor. Students taught to sing a line of music without accompaniment of instrument. Matching tones, major and minor scales, key signatures, intervals, rhythm, treble and bass clefs, rhythmic and melodic dictation. f,s

114 Sight Singing and Ear Training II (2:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 113 or permission of instructor. Continuation of MUSI 113. Alto and tenor clefs, modulation, various modes, melodic and harmonic dictation. f,s

115 Theory I (3:3:0)Prerequisite: Students must read music, pass fundamentals of music test administered during first week of classes, and have some proficiency on musical instrument or in voice. Music notation, scales, key signatures, intervals, chords, cadences, figured bass. f

116 Theory II (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 115 or permission of instructor. First- and second-inversion chords, modulation, nonharmonic tones, figured bass, seventh chords. Analysis of Bach chorales; composition of four-part chorales in 18th-century style. s

171 Keyboard Skills I (1:0:3)Prerequisite: nonmusic majors must have permission of instructor. Study of piano keyboard as it relates to various clefs in music. Emphasis on solution of basic stylistic and technical problems. f

172 Keyboard Skills II (1:0:3)Prerequisite: MUSI 171. Nonmusic majors must have permission of instructor. Study of piano keyboard as it relates to intermediate song and combined in various music forms. s

215 Theory III (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 116 or permission of instructor. Study of four-part chromatic harmony and analysis of 19th-century compositions. f

216 Form and Analysis (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 215 or permission of instructor. Analytical study of evolution of musical formal structures based primarily on harmonic and textural principles. s

221 Undergraduate Private Music Instruction. See beginning of Music course section.

251 The Art of Teaching Music (3:3:0)Prerequisite: admission to music major or minor program, or jazz studies minor program. Introduces and explores various music teaching professions. Examines philosophical, pedagogical, and practical issues in context of diverse teaching situations and venues that range from private studio and public school to community music schools and commercial establishments. Requires observing professionals in the field. f

273 Keyboard Skills III (1:0:3)Prerequisite: MUSI 172. Nonmusic majors must have permission of instructor. Continuation of MUSI 172. Study of techniques of harmonization at the piano keyboard. f

300 Recital Attendance (0:0:0) Students attend 10 student recitals to be selected from departmental and music education recitals, and junior, senior, and graduate recitals. Graded S/NC (Satisfactory/No Credit) f,s

301 Music in Motion Pictures (3:3:0)Prerequisite: 30 credits. Intensive study and analysis of using music tracks in motion pictures to introduce the picture, set a scene, create moods, or for musical numbers. From the silent film scores of the 1920s to the present (including electronic music) f

302 American Musical Theater (3:3:0)Prerequisite: 30 credits. Intensive study of the musical elements in the American musical theater from its European and later African roots to its evolution between the wars into a native form, and its continual assimilation of external influences such as new forms of jazz and rock to the eclectic form of the present day. s

311 Jazz Studies (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 379. Musicianship course integrating jazz improvisation, theory, composition, and arranging. Focuses on concepts unique to our time in style, form, and harmony.

319 Class Composition and Arranging (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 114, 216, or permission of instructor. Students write original compositions for specified instruments, voices, or combinations. They then apply compositional principles to the creative arrangement of existing music of various styles. f

323 Music Education Recital See beginning of Music course section.

324 Junior RecitalSee beginning of Music course -section.

325, 326 Performance Seminar and Vocal Literature for Singers and Accompanists I, II (2:3:1) Prerequisite: audition. Students assigned vocal literature in Italian, English, German, and French from Baroque to 21st century, and perform in a weekly master class format. Designed for vocal performance and piano and accompanying majors; develops and improves artistic and performance skills, repertoire preparation and execution, diction, interpretation, style, and overall stage presence.

331 Music History in Society I (3:3:0)Prerequisite/corequisite: MUSI 215, or permission of instructor. Historical survey of Western music from Greek times through the late Baroque era, with emphasis on specific musical genres and composers who developed them. Musical developments are related to other aspects of society. Instruction conducted by lectures, recordings, and video. Learning process enhanced by reading, listening, writing, and analytical assignments. s

332 Music History in Society II (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 216 and MUSI 331, or permission of instructor. Historical survey of Western music from the early Classical era through mid-19th century, with emphasis on specific musical genres and composers who developed them. Musical developments related to other aspects of society. Lectures, recordings, video. Learning process enhanced by reading, listening, writing, and analytical assignments. f

341 Diction for Singers I — Italian Diction and English Diction (2:2:1) Increases proficiency in singing in Italian and English by teaching International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and strengthens performance of Italian and English art songs and operatic repertoire. Focuses on intensified, systematic study of phonetics as it applies to singing in Italian and English.

342 Diction for Singers II— German Diction and French Diction (2:2:1) Increases proficiency in singing in German and French by teaching International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and strengthens performance of German and French art songs and operatic repertoire. Focuses on intensified, systematic study of phonetics as it applies to singing in German and French.

351 Keyboard Pedagogy (3:3:0) Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, 273; and 8 credits in piano, organ, or harpsichord; or permission of instructor. Investigates methods, theories, techniques, and materials to teach keyboard to children and adults in individual and group situations. ay

352 Vocal Pedagogy and Lab (3:3:1) Instruction in teaching of voice through systematic study of vocal physiology and its implications for pedagogical methods. Includes theoretical and systematic study of processes, procedures, and practices to develop art of singing. Offers technical, physiological, theoretical, and practical principals of the singing art, with emphasis on the importance of vocal health.

353 Instrumental Pedagogy and Literature (3:3:0) Prerequisite: junior standing in instrumental private music instruction, or permission of instructor. Instruction in teaching instrumental music techniques for all levels through study of pedagogical methods, standard literature, and musical instruments produced by present-day manufacturers.

361 Class Strings: Violin, Viola, Cello, and Bass (1:0:4) Prerequisite: admission to music major program, or permission of instructor. Study of playing and teaching string instruments with emphasis on violin and cello through beginning method book. Study of fingerings and bowing techniques to teach and play viola and bass at beginning levels. Survey of string playing techniques to conduct rehearsals at intermediate-, advanced-, and artist-level ensembles. Three clock hours per week studying violin, viola, cello, and bass; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

363 Class Woodwinds: Flute and Clarinet (1:0:4)Prerequisite: admission to music major program or permission of instructor. Study of techniques of playing and teaching flute and clarinet. Survey of instructional materials, and mouthpiece and instrument selection. Three clock hours per week studying flute and clarinet; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

364 Class Woodwinds: Oboe and Bassoon (1:0:4)Prerequisite: admission to music major program, or permission of instructor. Study of techniques of playing and teaching oboe and bassoon. Survey of instructional materials, instrument selection, and reed adjustment. Three clock hours per week studying oboe and bassoon; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

365 Class Brass: Trumpet and French Horn (1:0:4) Prerequisite: admission to music major program, or permission of instructor. Study of techniques of playing and teaching trumpet and French horn. Survey of instructional materials, and mouthpiece and instrument selection. Three clock hours per week studying trumpet and French horn; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

366 Class Percussion (1:0:4)Prerequisite: admission to music major program or permission of instructor. Study of techniques of playing and teaching percussion instruments. Survey of instructional materials and instrument selection. Three clock hours per week studying percussion instruments; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

367 Class Guitar (1:0:4)Prerequisite: admission to music major program or permission of instructor. Study of techniques of playing and teaching guitar. Survey of instructional materials and instrument selection. Three clock hours per week studying guitar; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

368 Class Voice (1:0:4)Prerequisite: admission to music major program, or permission of instructor. Study of the human voice in artistic singing. Emphasizes practical application of basic principles. Three clock hours per week studying voice; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

369 Class Brass: Trombone, Euphonium, and Tuba (1:0:4) Prerequisite: admission to music major program, or permission of instructor. Study of techniques of playing and teaching trombone, euphonium, and tuba. Survey of instructional materials and mouthpiece and instrument selection. Three clock hours per week studying trombone, euphonium, or tuba; one clock hour per week in laboratory ensemble.

371, 372 Techniques of Accompanying I, II (1:0:3)Prerequisite: successful audition on keyboard instrument for admission to music degree program, 4 credits in undergraduate private music instruction on a keyboard instrument, or permission of instructor. Development of accompanying skills through collaboration with solo singers, instrumentalists, and small ensembles. Students perform for each other, observe lectures, demonstrations, and performances by professionals, and participate in master classes. Each course may be taken two times for credit. ay

379 Introduction to Jazz Improvisation (1:1:2) Prerequisite: MUSI 116 or permission of instructor. Study of improvisation techniques and styles, with emphasis on common practice period of jazz. Application on the studentÕs major instrument or voice to develop creativity and personal expression.

380 Wind Symphony (1:0:3) Prerequisite: audition. Highly selective group of instrumentalists performing works from wind symphony repertoire. Public concerts are given. f,s

381 University Chorale (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from choral repertoire. Public concerts are given. f,s

382 Piano Ensemble (1:0:3) Prerequisite: audition and 4 credits in private music instruction: piano. Study and performance of original four-hand works for one and two pianos. Public performances.

383 Symphonic Band (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from band repertoire. Public concerts are given. f,s

384 Symphonic Chorus (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of major works from the choral repertoire. Public concerts are given. f,s

385 Chamber Singers (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Discovery, interpretation, and performance of choral music for vocal chamber music ensemble from all historical periods. Emphasis on achieving a high level of artistic performance, and bringing to Mason and surrounding community musical compositions not readily accessible in regular concert repertoire. f,s

387 Symphony Orchestra (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from symphony orchestra repertoire. Public concerts are given. f,s

388 Fundamental Techniques of Stagecraft for Opera and Music Theater (2:2:1) Prerequisite: admission to music program or permission of instructor. Study of basic to intermediate stage movement techniques necessary to the performance of opera and music theater roles. Emphasis on acting, improvisation, theater production, musical theater, and operatic role study.

389 Jazz Ensemble (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Provides practical experience in various aspects of jazz performance: section work within a large aggregation, combo work, and improvisation. Public concerts are given. f,s

391 Conducting I (2:0:3)Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, and 273, or permission of instructor. Study of basic techniques of conducting a musical ensemble. f

393 Music Administration and Management (2:2:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 116 or permission of instructor. Prepares students to address aspects of administration and management of music programs in public and private schools. Investigates principles and concepts of management styles and planning. Covers curriculum, budget, student recruitment and retention, external relations of the music unit, and legal issues for music educators. s

395 Teaching Internship (1-4:0:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 251. Internship with a professional individual or organization in teaching. Introduction to teaching or augmentation of teaching skills. Students develop individual contracts defining the learning and competencies to be gained from the experience. Maximum of 9 internship credits (MUSI 395, 495, 496) can be applied toward a degree. f.s

396 Conducting II (2:0:3)Prerequisite: MUSI 391 or permission of instructor. Advanced conducting course emphasizing techniques for instrumental and choral conducting. Refining gestures, full score analysis and interpretation, rehearsal techniques, and changing meters. s

401 Impact of the Arts on Civilization (3:3:0)Prerequisite: 30 credits, or permission of instructor. Analyzes how genres of art impact us intellectually, emotionally, and subliminally. Broadens aesthetic and historical perspective, exposes students to major strands of contemporary thought, and develops discursive abilities through role-playing in roundtable discussions.

415 Music in Computer Technology (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 319 or permission of instructor. Overview of ways computer is used in music. Topics include principles of musical instrument digital interface (MIDI); various kinds of synthesis; acoustics and sound processing; and musical composition using the computer. Explores music resources of Internet and surveys current multimedia applications in music history, theory, ear training, improvisation, and notation. s

419 Orchestration (3:3:0)Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, and 319; or permission of instructor. Principles of combining and balancing instruments in orchestral and chamber contexts. Attention to orchestral terminology and general notation as well as timbre, range, clefs, transposition, special effects, and scoring procedures. s

421 Undergraduate Private Music Instruction See beginning of Music course section.

424 Senior RecitalSee beginning of Music course -section.

431 Music History in Society III (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 216, 331, and 332; or permission of instructor. Studies contributions to the world of music in selected cultures such as India, Indonesia, China, Japan, Africa, Middle East, and Americas. Emphasizes comparative musical characteristics as well as sociological function. Lectures, recordings, and video. Learning process enhanced by reading, listening, writing, and analytical assignments. s

432 Music History in Society IV (3:3:0)Prerequisite: MUSI 216, 331, 332, and 431; or permission of instructor. Historical survey of Western music from late 19th century to present, with emphasis on specific musical genres and composers who developed them. Relates musical developments to other aspects of society, and considers interaction between world music. Lectures, recordings, and video. Learning process enhanced by reading, listening, writing, and analytical assignments. f

450 Jazz Improvisation I (2:2:1) Prerequisite: MUSI 379 or permission of instructor. Emphasizes improvisational materials and language developed in common practice period of jazz.

451 Keyboard Pedagogy II (3:3:0) Prerequisite: MUSI 351. Intensive study of methods, theories, techniques, and materials to teach keyboard to children and adults in individual and group situations.

452 Jazz Improvisation II (2:2:1) Prerequisite: MUSI 399 or permission of instructor. Emphasis on advanced improvisational techniques and contemporary tunes.

454 Jazz Arranging (3:3:0) Prerequisite: MUSI 311 or permission of instructor. Transcription, analysis, and scoring for small and large jazz ensembles.

461 The Teaching of General Music in the Elementary and Middle School (3:3:1)Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, 273; and acceptance into music education concentration. Corequisite: MUSI 391. For music majors only. Studies theory, methods, practice, and materials to teach general music in elementary and middle school. Students spend three hours per week in class, and one hour per week observing and teaching in laboratory ensemble. Students also participate in field observation of music classes in the public schools. f

463 The Teaching of Vocal Music in the Secondary School (3:3:1) Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, 273, 391; and acceptance into music education concentration. Corequisite: MUSI 396. For music majors only. Survey of repertoire and methods for teaching high school choral groups, small ensembles, and voice classes. Students spend three hours per week in class, and one hour per week observing and teaching in laboratory ensemble. Students also participate in field observation of music classes in public schools. s

464 Instrumental Music Methods I (3:3:1)Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, 273; and acceptance into music education concentration. Corequisite: MUSI 391. For music majors only. Prepares students to successfully plan, organize, and administer marching band and jazz ensemble programs in secondary public school music curriculum. Students spend three hours per week in class, and one hour per week observing and teaching in laboratory ensemble. Students also participate in field observation of music classes in public schools. f

465 Selected Topics in Music Education (1-3:1-3:0) Prerequisite: 90 credits in music degree program or permission of instructor. Topics of practical interest to prospective and practicing music educators covering pedagogy, performance, and logistics of teaching music in schools, private studios, and communities. May be repeated for credit.

466 Instrumental Music Methods II (3:3:1)Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, 273, 391; and acceptance to music education concentration. Corequisite: MUSI 396. For music majors only. Prepares students to teach instrumental music in elementary, middle, and secondary schools. Students spend three hours per week in class, and one hour per week observing and teaching in laboratory ensemble. Students also participate in field observation of music classes in public schools. s

467 Instrumental Music Methods I: Orchestra (3:3:1) Prerequisites: MUSI 114, 216, 273, 361; and acceptance into music education concentration. Corequisite: MUSI 391. For music majors only. Prepares students to successfully plan, organize, and administer string classes from the beginning levels through performing ensembles (grades 4-12), and explore teaching materials appropriate for individual and class instruction. Students spend three hours per week in class, and one hour per week observing and teaching in laboratory ensemble. Students also participate in field observation of music classes in public schools.

485 Chamber Ensembles (1:0:3) Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from chamber music repertoire. Public performances are given. f, s

490 Musical Communication in Context (3:3:0) Prerequisites: Students must be in senior year of BA program in music, and have completed all other general education requirements. Explains nature of musical communication in a variety of contexts, and combines knowledge gained in general education courses with knowledge and skills specific to the major to serve as a capstone course synthesizing both areas. How does music itself communicate, and how do musicians communicate about it with each other and with the world around them? Students address these through essays in the style of a journal or portfolio, substantial paper, and oral presentation of paper before faculty and student panel.

491 Musical Communication in Performance (1:1:0) Prerequisite: completion of all other required general education courses for the BM performance concentration. Corequisite: concurrent enrollment in appropriate 3credit private music instruction course and Music 424. Helps student conceive of musical performance as communication in a variety of contexts, and combines knowledge in general education courses with knowledge and skills specific to the major to serve as a capstone course synthesizing both areas. Students consider various aspects of musical communication to prepare senior recital. Students explore social, historical, analytical, and aesthetic aspects of the music they are to perform by composing essays in the style of a journal or portfolio. Students prepare a substantial paper on recital repertoire and present that paper before a faculty and student panel.

492/492H/492J/492N Selected Topics in Music (1-3: 1-3:0) Prerequisite: 45 credits or permission of instructor. Topics of practical interest to students in composition, music history and literature, world music, jazz studies, and performance practices. May be repeated for credit. 492H denotes a music history course, 492J denotes a jazz studies course, and 492N denotes a non-Western music course.

495 Internship in Music Education (student teaching) (6:1:0) Prerequisite: completion of all other courses required for BM with concentration in music education. Full semester of intensive clinical experience in approved Virginia schools. Maximum of 9 internship credits (MUSI 395, 495, 496) can be applied to degree.

496 Internship (3-6:0:0) Prerequisite: open to music majors with 90 credits. Contact the department one semester before enrollment. Internships are approved work-study programs with specific employers or agencies. Credit is determined by the department. Maximum 9 internship credits (MUSI 395, 495, 496) can be applied toward degree.

497, 498 Independent Study (1-3:0:0)Prerequisites: music majors with 90 credits and permission of instructor and department chair. Individual research and study of selected subject in close consultation with instructor. Student may choose from the musicological, ethnomusico-logical, theoretical, compositional, or educational areas, and produce at least one major written work based on research.

511 Analytical Techniques (3:3:0) Prerequisite: baccalaureate in music or permission of instructor. Detailed formal and stylistic examination of music selected from the major style periods. Development of the analytical skills necessary for theoretical study at the graduate level. s

512 Advanced Orchestration (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate in music with a minimum of 3 credits study in orchestration, or permission of instructor. Intensive study through analysis and arrangement of advanced instrumentation methods. Scoring for large forces. Twentieth- century vocal and instrumental techniques such as multiphonics. Unusual instruments. New methods of notation. Late 20th century performance practices. s

515 Music in Computer Technology (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music or permission of instructor. Overview computer use in music. Topics include principles of musical instrument digital interface (MIDI); synthesis; acoustics and sound processing; and musical composition using the computer. Explores music resources of Internet, and surveys multimedia applications in music history, theory, ear training, improvisation, and notation. s

525, 526 Performance Seminar and Vocal Literature for Singers and Accompanists I, II (2:3:1) Prerequisite: audition. Advanced vocal literature and performance seminar. Students assigned art songs or operatic arias in Italian, German, French, and English, from Baroque to 21st century, and perform in weekly master class format. Develops and improves musical and artistic preparation and performance, increases repertoire, and establishes dependable methods for creating consistently high standards of artistic performance.

531 Advanced Topics in Music History and Literature (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate in music or permission of instructor. Thorough examination of a specific musical style, genre, composer, compositional school, or historical development. Primary and secondary source materials studied in historical or analytical contexts. May be repeated for credit as topics change. f, sum

541 Diction for Singers I—Italian Diction and English Diction (2:2:1) Increases proficiency in singing in Italian and English by teaching International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and strengthens performance of Italian and English art song and operatic repertoire. Intensified, systematic study of phonetics as it applies to Italian and English.

542 Diction for Singers II—German Diction and French Diction (2:2:1) Increases proficiency in singing in German and French by teaching International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and strengthens performance of German and French art songs and operatic repertoire. Intensified, systematic study of phonetics as it applies to singing in German and French.

551 Keyboard Pedagogy I (3:3:0) Prerequisite: graduate status in applied piano, or permission of instructor. Intensive study of methods, theories, techniques, and materials to teach keyboard to children and adults in individual and group situations.

552 Vocal Pedagogy and Lab (3:3:1) Prerequisite: MUSI 352 or permission of instructor. Instruction in teaching voice through systematic study of vocal physiology and its implications for pedagogical methods. Includes theoretical and systematic study of processes, procedures, and practices to develop art of singing. Offers technical, physiological, theoretical, and practical principals of the singing art, with emphasis on vocal health.

553 Instrumental Pedagogy and Literature (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music or permission of instructor. Instruction in teaching of instrumental music techniques for all levels through the study of pedagogical methods, standard literature, and musical instruments produced by present-day manufacturers. ay

555 Music as a Healing Art (3:3:0) Prerequisite: Basic proficiency on an instrument or voice, and bachelorÕs degree in music. Study of the relationship between musical vibrations and the natural rhythms of the body. Topics include history of music and healing, theory of sound, cymatics, toning, and performance practice as well as a survey of vibrational healing modalities and related therapies. Considers listening examples as they apply to healing with music. Students sing and play instruments in directed improvisatory performance.

561 Advanced Topics in Music Education (1-6:1-6:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music or permission of instructor. Intensive examination of specific areas of concern to music educators engaged in teaching vocal, instrumental, and general music at all levels or as private studio teachers. Individual research, group discussions, and participation in related activities. May be repeated for credit.

562 The Psychology of Music Teaching and Learning (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music or permission of instructor. Study of the learnerÕs musical behaviors (affective, cognitive, and psychomotor) in an effort to devise an empirically based teaching method founded on learning principles.

563 Orff Schulwerk I (3:3:0) Intensive introduction to Orff teaching philosophy with practical and theoretical instruction and immersion in the method itself. Students learn concepts of rhythm, harmony, solfege, modes, improvisation, and pedagogy. Students learn basic performance technique on soprano recorder, and learn to apply movement and dance in their teaching.

564 Orff Schulwerk II (3:3:0) Prerequisite: MUSI 563 or permission of instructor. Continues intensive study of Orff teaching philosophy with practical and theoretical instruction and immersion. Teaches further concepts of rhythm and meter including asymmetrical patterns. Reviews pentatonic modes and their transpositions, studies pentachordal and hexachordal scales, and begins intensive work with diatonic modes. Students work with a variety of percussion instruments including body percussion, unpitched instruments, and barred instruments. They sing and play soprano, alto, tenor, and bass recorders. Movement studies continue with intensive study of vocabulary of dance and mime.

565 Orff Schulwerk III (3:3:0) Prerequisites: MUSI 563 and 564 or permission of instructor. Continues intensive study of Orff teaching philosophy to complete certification process in Orff Schulwerk. Students continue intensive work in rhythm, melody, harmony, timbre, form, and pedagogy. Tenor, bass, and soprano recorders introduced. Movement and rhythmic studies concentrate on mixed meters and non-Western source materials and styles.

571, 572 Techniques of Accompanying I, II (1:0:3)Prerequisite: admission to graduate-level private music instruction in a keyboard instrument, or permission of instructor. Development of accompanying skills through collaboration with solo singers, instrumentalists, and small ensembles. Students perform for each other, observe lectures, demonstrations and performances by professionals, and participate in master classes. Each course may be taken two times for credit. ay

580 Wind Symphony (1:0:3) Prerequisite: audition. Highly selective group of instrumentalists performing works from wind symphony repertoire. Public concerts given. May be taken four times for credit. f,s

581 Graduate Choral Ensembles (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from choral repertoire. Public concerts given. May be taken four times for credit. f,s

583 Symphonic Band (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from band repertoire. Public concerts given. May be taken four times for credit. f,s

585 Chamber Ensembles (1:0:3) Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from chamber music repertoire. Public performances given. May be taken four times for credit. f,s

587 Symphony Orchestra (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Performance of works from symphony orchestra repertoire. Public concerts given. May be taken four times for credit. f,s

589 Jazz Ensemble (1:0:3)Prerequisite: audition. Provides practical experience in various aspects of jazz performance. Participation in section rehearsals, and small and large jazz groups. Jazz improvisation expected. Public concerts given. May be taken four times for credit. f,s

592 Advanced Topics in Music (1-6:1-6:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music, or permission of instructor. Intensive study of specific areas of concern to musicians engaged in performance, composition, and conducting. Individual research, group discussions, and participation in related activities. May be repeated for credit.

595 Teaching Internship (2:0:0) Prerequisite: MUSI 561 or permission of instructor. Teaching beginner, intermediate, and early advanced level students in private or group lessons under faculty supervision.

597 Advanced Topics in Conducting (3:3:0) Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music with minimum two semesters of study in conducting, or permission of instructor. Intensive study of advanced topic in conducting chosen according to interests of students and instructor. Topics may include choral music performance techniques and score prep-aration, wind ensemble performance techniques and score preparation, orchestral performance techniques and score preparation, performance practices in choral music before 1750, and rhythmic analysis as a guide to score interpretation in music of all periods. Maximum 6 credits.

612 Advanced Topics in Music Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisites: MUSI 511 or permission of instructor. Uses various music-analytical theories to examine repertoire from a given time period or style. Students review the theoretical literature relevant to the given repertoire and make analyses of music in class and individually. May be repeated for credit as topics change.

621 Graduate Private Music Instruction. See beginning of Music course section.

662 Introduction to Research in Music (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music or permission of instructor. Development of skills, attitudes, and understanding to do and report research in music, including philosophical bases, scope and organization, stylistic practices in writing research reports, study of materials and resources in music and music education, and proper use of library and other research services. f

663 Aesthetics of Music Education (3:3:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music or permission of instructor. Study of philosophical foundations of contemporary music education, and critical examination of music programs and activities in aesthetic education and efforts by music education establishment to enhance them.

684 Graduate Lecture-Recital (1-3:0:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music, and permission of the department chair. Corequisite: graduate private music instruction at 3-credit level. Combination of musical performance and scholarly presentation on well-defined topic. Public presentation required. Preparation of program directed by member of full-time music faculty in consultation with studentÕs private music instructor. May be taken for maximum 6 credits.

688 Advanced Opera and Musical Theater Ensemble (3:2:2-6) Prerequisite: audition. Solo-vocal, performance-oriented ensemble class focusing on presentation of operatic works or excerpts from them, from Baroque to 21st century as well as works or excerpts from American musical theater. Offers advanced performance training and experience to graduate-level students in vocal performance. Experiential course focusing on practical application, synthesis, and study of all aspects of the vocal art development. Lectures, master classes, and assignments in goal-oriented practicum sessions and rehearsals. Public performances given.

699 Independent Study (1-3:0:0)Prerequisite: baccalaureate degree in music and permission of department chair. Individual research and study a concentration available in the master of music. May be taken for maximum 6 credits.

724 Graduate Recital (1:0:0)Prerequisite: at least 3 credits in graduate private music instruction in area of concentration at 3-credit level. Corequisite: enrollment in graduate private music instruction in concentration at 3-credit level. Public performance in area of concentration.

799 Thesis (1-6:0:0)Prerequisites: at least 12 graduate credits (including MUSI 511) and approval of thesis topic. Students in the music education concentration must also have taken MUSI 562, and have successfully passed comprehensive exit exam. Supervised research on approved thesis topic. Graded S/NC.

800 Studies for the Doctor of Philosophy in Education (variable credit) Prerequisite: admission to the PhD in education program to study music. Program of studies designed by the studentÕs discipline director and approved by studentÕs doctoral committee that brings student to participate in research, performance, or creative activity of discipline director and results in a paper reporting original contributions. Enrollment may be repeated.