Government and International Politics (GOVT)
Public and International Affairs
101 Democratic Theory and Practice (3:3:0) Comparative exploration; topics include contemporary analysis of the meanings of liberty, equality, representation, property rights, voting rights, and civil responsibilities.
103 Introduction to American Government (3:3:0) American government examined in light of basic concepts and institutions of democracy. Includes citizenship project, a first-hand observation or participation in and analysis of some public activity.
132 Introduction to International Politics (3:3:0) Nature of international politics, approaches to study of international politics, state and nonstate actors in international system, patterns of action and interaction between nation-states, international institutions, and major global issues.
133 Introduction to Comparative Politics (3:3:0) Discusses methods and subject matter of comparative political analysis. Includes political systems, politics, participation in politics, government structures, policy- making process, and evaluation of political performance.
149 Global Awareness (3:3:0) Introduces study of global systems. Emphasizes basic concepts and ways of thinking about global affairs.
204 American State and Local Government (3:3:0) Nature, organization, functions, and problems of American state and local governments.
300 Research Methods and Analysis (4:3:1) Required for all majors in government and international politics, and public administration. Strongly recommended before or during first semester of enrolling in 300-level courses. Emphasizes asking clear, researchable questions and using appropriate evidence to answer them. Introduces broad range of evidence including quantitative and qualitative information. Studies design and analysis of surveys, government archives, case studies, and interpretations of events in journals. Examines ethical implications of information technologies.
301 Public Law and the Judicial Process (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. American judicial organization and operation, role of the Supreme Court in policy formation, and selected constitutional principles.
305 Contemporary American Federalism (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Legal, administrative, fiscal, and political dimensions of evolving American federalism.
307 Legislative Behavior (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Organization, processes, functions, and roles of legislature and U.S. Congress members. Topics include state legislatures and cross-national comparisons as time and resources permit.
308 The American Presidency (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Survey of modern presidency, including constitutional origins of office, growth and influence of White House staff, Cabinet, presidential appointees and control of executive branch, relations with Congress, and domestic and national security policy-making.
309 Government and Politics of Metropolitan Areas (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Government, politics, and problems of metropolitan centers and surrounding areas.
311 Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior (3:3:0)Prerequisites: GOVT 103 and 300. Studies actions of voters, candidates, and political parties in relation to the expression of relevant public opinion in a democratic system.
312 Political Parties and Campaigns (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Characteristics and functions of political parties, influence of parties and other political forces on electoral decisions, and emphasis on parties’ inability or ability to hold government accountable to citizens.
318 Interest Groups, Lobbying, and the Political Process (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Role, internal operations, strategies, and activities of interest groups. Evaluates ability of these groups to enable citizens to influence or control government and enhance democratic process. Considers conditions under which social movements become, or fail to become, effective interest groups.
319 Issues in Government and Politics (1-3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Studies special issues relevant to government and politics. Topics announced in advance. Examples include politics and the arts, ethnic conflict and the political system, gender politics, and changing dynamics in political institutions. May be repeated for credit when topic is different, with permission of department.
322 International Relations Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132 or 133. Advanced inquiry into international relations. Studies theories, concepts of international relations, and major forces and issues in international politics.
323 Classical Western Political Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 101, or 3 credits of philosophy. Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from time of Greek city-state to late medieval Christendom. Topics include nature and purpose of politics, relationship between individual and state, political significance of religion and tradition, and concept of natural law.
324 Modern Western Political Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 101, or 3 credits of philosophy. Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from Renaissance to mid-19th century. Topics include rise of individualism in political theory, early developments in social contact theory, theories of radical popular sovereignty, and early criticisms of liberal theory.
327 Contemporary Western Political Theory (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 101, or 3 credits of philosophy. Lectures, discussions of developments in Western tradition of political thought from mid-19th century to today. Different sections focus on various political theories that have been influential during this period, such as liberal, libertarian, conservative, communitarian, Marxist, feminist, and postmodern thought. May be repeated for credit when subject matter is different.
328 Non-Western Political Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 101 or 133. Theory and history of political community, governance, and development as understood by various non-Western societies, including China, Japan, India, Africa, and Islamic World; relations to Western tradition; methodology of studying other cultures; postcolonial theories; and cultural politics on contemporary globalization.
329 Issues in Political Theories and Values (1-3:3:0)Studies special issues relevant to theoretical and value aspects of government and politics. Topics announced in advance. Examples include ethics and politics, ethics and environmental policy, changing perspectives on civil rights and liberties, religion and politics, and changing views of public space. May be repeated for credit when topic is different, with permission of department, but no more than 9 credits of GOVT 329 are permitted.
331 Government and Politics of Latin America (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Contemporary political systems of Latin America, with emphasis on institutions, political processes, and political behavior. Presents case studies of several key Latin American polities; discusses problems of political development.
332 Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Societies of Middle East and North Africa and their response to impact of internal sociocultural-political determinants and external forces. Focuses on contemporary politics, ideologies, popular manifestations, institutions, and operations.
333 Government and Politics of Asia (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Government structures and political processes of Asian countries. Examines patterns of conflict and cooperation, and issues of economic development and political reform in rapidly changing world.
334 Government and Politics of Europe (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Contemporary democratic political systems of Europe, with emphasis on political processes, institutions, and behavior. Presents case studies of key European policies. Discusses problems of multiparty systems, coalition governments, Eurocommunism, and stability and change in postindustrial societies.
335 Government and Politics of Canada (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Survey of governmental and political systems of Canada, including political parties, parliamentary and federal systems, and specific policy issues of importance to Canadian politics.
336 Political Development and Change (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Process of political development and change in context of modernization and industrialization. Examines patterns of political development, with emphasis on developing world.
337 Ethnic Politics in Western Europe and North America (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Studies resurgence of ethnic nationalism in industrial democracies of Western Europe and North America, and the comparative analysis of policy issues related to ethnonationalism. Case studies drawn from the industrial democracies.
338 Government and Politics of Russia (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Examines continuity and change in Russia’s Soviet era and post-Soviet era politics and international relations.
339 Issues in the Politics of Advanced Industrial Societies (1-3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103 or 133, or permission of instructor. Studies selected current political issues in industrial democracies of Western Europe and North America. Specific topics chosen each semester to reflect contemporary political concerns in these countries, but political process in advanced industrial countries is organizing principle throughout the course.
340 Central Asian Politics (3:3:0) Comparative examination of political change in Central Asia with attention to national identity formation, political economy, political conflict, political Islam, and democratization.
341 Chinese Foreign Policy (3:3:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 132, 133. Discusses theories and practices of Chinese foreign policy decision-making, which are then used to understand China’s relations with United States, Japan, Russia, Europe, and its Asian neighbors, and China’s policy in issues such as human rights, environmental protection, and nuclear nonproliferation.
342 Diplomacy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Origins of organized diplomacy: tasks, procedures, instruments, and problems of diplomacy. Emphasizes current, future roles of diplomacy.
343 International Political Economy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149; or permission of instructor. Introduces international political economy. Examines interplay of economics and politics, and applies these to different issues. Focuses on issues of contemporary significance, with attention to historical issues and basic political and economic concepts.
344 American Foreign Policy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Central issues surrounding the conduct of America’s foreign relations, with special emphasis on structural and constitutional questions, national policy objectives abroad, and conduct of foreign policy in a democracy.
345 Political Islam (3:3:0) Covers politics of religion in Muslim societies; history, ideology, and practices of key individuals, movements, and institutions; case studies of political Islam in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and the West; plurality and diversity of political expression in Muslim world; nature of democracy in Islam; and Islamic state.
346 American Security Policy (3:3:0) Prerequisites or corequisites: GOVT 132, 133. Approaches U.S. national security policy from perspective of organization and implementation of specific policies. Applies theoretical concerns to historic cases to illuminate problems that continue to challenge country.
347 International Security (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132. Explores enduring security problems and new developments. Examines effects of international system on defense policies of states, particularly tensions of world caught between emerging interdependence and national demands. Encourages development of critical-thinking and group and oral presentation skills.
348 Competencies for the Global Arena (1-3:0:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 149 and 60 credits, or permission of instructor. Proficiency-based course enabling acquisition of skills and competencies important for professional operating in global society. Series of self-paced exercises conducted under supervision of departmental faculty.
349 Issues in the Analysis of Global Systems (1-3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 149, or permission of instructor. Overview of global systems with emphasis on political subsystem and interactions with other global systems.
351 Administration in the Political System (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Administrative structures and processes in political setting of public management. Presents organization and administrative theory, critiques, and current practices; and examines impact of changes in social, political, and economic environment on concepts, models.
355 Public Personnel Administration (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 351. Analyzes techniques and tools in human resource management including merit system, classification, compensation, evaluation, recruitment, and labor relations. Emphasizes current legal and policy issues in personnel administration, such as diversity and privatization.
356 Public Budgeting and Finance (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 351. Covers tools and techniques in budgeting and financial management in U.S. governments, including management of public financial institutions, budgetary process and reform, and relationship of public budgeting to national economic policy.
357 Urban Governance and Planning (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 351. Framework, subject matter, uses, methods, administration, and future of public planning. Emphasizes setting goals, defining objectives, and choosing between program alternatives. Discusses political and bureaucratic constraints, and problems of implementation. Planning illustrations may be drawn from various levels of government.
358 Nonprofit Financial Planning (4:3:1) Prerequisite: 60 credits, or permission of instructor. Provides understanding of social mission and entrepreneurial cross pressures underlying financial planning and accounting in nonprofit sector. Topic include revenue sources and projections, entrepreneurial techniques, and cost analysis for nonprofit and nongovernmental entities. Lectures, student case studies.
359 Computers in Public Management (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 300. Applies computers and computer-based analytical techniques to management information needs in public sector. Focuses on mainframe and microcomputer applications.
361 Introduction to Environmental Policy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: 30 credits. Environmental politics and policymaking since the 1970s. Primarily U.S. focus, with some discussion of global issues. Examines policy strategies and outcomes, ethical and economic debates, political controversies, lawmaking and enforcement, and role of key players.
364 Public Policy Making (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Processes, agencies, and politics involved in the proposal making, implementation, evaluation, and revision of U.S. public policy.
365 State and Regional Public Policy (3:3:0) Examines public policy decisions that affect local and state jurisdictions in context of federal system of government. Examines context, substance, and impact of such policies as housing, transportation, land use, crime prevention, service delivery, and healthcare.
366 Public Policy Analysis (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 300. Methods of public policy analysis, evaluation, and research. Studies design and development of alternative courses of government action and evaluation of results, and problems in applying systematic analysis to political issues.
376 Collective Bargaining in the Public Sector (3:3:0)Collective bargaining and broad concept of labor relations as involved in selection and hiring, seniority, promotions, and training. Examines labor relations and bargaining process, from initial hiring to retirement.
399 Research Practicum in Public and International Affairs (1-3:1-3:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 300, and permission of instructor. Applies research methods in context of assisting with faculty research. Individualized sections taught by arrangement with full-time faculty. Methods adopted vary but generally include library research, data collection, data analysis, and report construction.
400 Political Research and Data Analysis (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 300. Methods of research and data analysis used in research about politics. Examines ways to design research to answer questions, select appropriate techniques for data collections, and use statistics to organize and interpret data. Students also learn to carry out data analysis using microcomputers and programs such as SPSS to process data and compute statistics.
407 Law and Society (3:3:0) Prerequisite: ADJ 100 or GOVT 301. Explores relationship between law and society, including concept of law; origin, development, and role of law in society; and relationship between law and social change. Assesses different approaches and methodologies.
409 Virginia Government and Politics (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Examines history of politics in Virginia and current political issues. Particular attention to changing dynamics of political parties, key legislative issues, and policies of recent administrations.
412/COMM 412 Politics and the Mass Media (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Responsibilities and freedoms of mass media in democracy. Explores Influence of media on citizens’ opinions, elections, and decisions of public officials.
414 Politics of Race, Gender, and Age (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Examines political, economic, and social impact of public policies and implications for race, gender, and age.
416 Political Persuasion and Propaganda (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Techniques and processes of political argument and persuasion as used in campaigns, public education, and political debate. Topics include propaganda in domestic and international arenas; and political persuasion, myths, and symbols to induce conformity and form unified polity. Films and tapes supplement examples of classic political speeches.
420 American Political Thought (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Major political values and theories in America from formation of American republic to present. Covers changes in American political values in crisis periods, and contemporary American political theory including pluralism, elite theories of democracy, and empirical political theory.
421 Contemporary Political Ideologies (3:3:0) Studies political ideologies that shape values, beliefs, and actions of contemporary regimes and political movements. Topics include liberalism, conservatism, socialism, communism, and fascism in theory and contemporary practice; and totalitarianism and nationalism in postindustrial and developing societies.
422 Constitutional Interpretation (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Examines Supreme Court’s interpretation of constitutional powers of Congress, presidency, and judiciary. Includes examination of major decisions concerning state regulation, taxation, and interstate relations.
423 Constitutional Law: Civil Rights and Liberties (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Studies First Amendment freedoms of speech, press, assembly, association, and religion; right to privacy; and Fourteenth Amendment equal protection.
424 Constitutional Law: Criminal Process and Rights (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 103. Studies constitutional law pertaining to rights of criminally accused from stages of investigations and evidence through attorney, trial, and punishment stages at federal and state levels.
427 Feminist Political Thought (3:3:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 101, WMST 200, 3 credits of philosophy, or permission of instructor. Explores feminist political thought in historical context. Topics include feminist political movements, feminist critiques of political philosophy, and feminist contributions to political theory.
428 Advanced Democratic Theory (3:3:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 101, or one course in philosophy. Explores various theoretical approaches to nature and justification of democracy. Topics may include liberal, communitarian, pluralist, and deliberative theories and their critics; constitutionalism; role of markets; and transnational democracy.
430 Comparative Political Leadership (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Comparative political leadership, relationships between political cultures and types of leadership, patterns of leadership recruitment, and linkages between political elites and citizenry.
432 Political Change and Social Development in Sub-Saharan Africa (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Examines relationship of culture, history, ethnicity, and religion, and contemporary political and socioeconomic developments in Africa. Special attention to implications of ethnic conflict for nation-building in the post-Cold War period, and strategies for resolving conflicts.
433 Political Economy of East Asia (3:3:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 133 and 60 credits, or permission of instructor. Discusses different theoretical perspectives of East Asian political economy; transformation of East Asia; and issues such as money, finance, trade, investment, environment, and energy. Focuses on issues of contemporary significance, but attention also given to history.
434 Democracy in Global Perspective (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 133. Comparative study of structures and performance of democracies around the world since 1975. Examines growing influence of global forces such as economy, media, and culture in process of democratization. Examines select current elections.
443 Law and Ethics of War (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132. Explores sources of morality in armed conflict, and implications of such ideas for international relations. Examines content and philosophy of modern law of war.
444 Issues in International Studies (1-3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Major issues in international system, including international political economy and security. May be repeated for credit when topic is different, with permission of department, but no more than 9 credits of GOVT 444 permitted.
445 Human Rights (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132. Explores philosophical, legal, and political issues at heart of modern international human rights movement. Examines historical background legal architecture of modern human rights movement.
446 International Law and Organization (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 132, 133, or 149. Nature, sources, and subject of law of nations; law and individual; territorial questions; nature, sources, and functions of international organizations; international transactions and organizations; war and present; and future status of international law.
447 Revolution and International Politics (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 133. Historical overview of modern revolutions as well as different theories about causes and consequences of revolutions. Special attention to Marxist-Leninist, Arab nationalist, and Islamic revolutions.
448 Ethics and International Politics (3:3:0)Prerequisites: 60 credits, and GOVT 132 or PHIL 151. Ethics and international politics ask students to wrestle with dilemmas raised by a desire to behave morally in an international system in which consensus about ethical matters is absent. Distributive justice and use of force are two overarching themes. Students also develop, apply, and justify their own perspectives on ethical problem using philosophical theory, history, and social science research.
449 Senior Seminar in International Studies (3:3:0) Open only to senior majors. Integrative seminar providing in-depth study of current international issue. Format varies, but involves student in current literature, research techniques, and major issues of field.
452 Administrative Law and Procedures (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 351. Law of public office. Studies procedures followed by and the legal limits on administrative agencies and their officers and employees.
459 Information Decisions and Management in Government (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 300. Information and knowledge systems in government. Discusses information applications; decision-modeling under risk and uncertainty; high-technology development, management, and use; and sociotechnical systems.
460 Surveillance and Privacy in Contemporary Society (3:3:0)Prerequisite: ADJ 100. Philosophical perspectives, historical context, technological developments, and institutional changes that surround controversies about privacy and surveillance in contemporary society. Explores public and private institutions doing surveillance, how they calculate and manage risk, and legal constraints on surveillance activities.
464 Issues in Public Policy and Administration (1-3:3:0)Prerequisites: GOVT 103 plus 60 credits. Analyzes selected policy issues in administering public policies. Topics announced in advance. Examples include environmental policy, government regulation, federal mandates, state policy, and regional policy. May be repeated for credit when topic is different, with permission of department.
480 Internship (3-6:0:0) Contact department one semester before enrolling. Approved work-study programs with specific employers. Students develop individual contracts defining learning and competencies they plan to gain from the experience.
490 Synthesis Seminar (3:3:0) Prerequisite: completion or concurrent enrollment in all other required general education courses, GOVT 300, and 18 hours in major. Readings, individual or group projects, and discussion of papers reflecting on connections between liberal arts and sciences and political world.
491 Honors Seminar (3:3:0) Prerequisite: completion or concurrent enrollment in all other required general education courses, GOVT 300, and 18 hours in major. Subject varies. Readings, individual or group projects, and discussions of seminar papers.
496 Directed Readings and Research (1-3:0:0) Open to majors in public and international affairs with 90 credits, and permission of instructor and department. Reading and research on specific topic under direction of faculty member. Written report required; oral report of research may be required.
500 Research Methods in Political Science (3:3:0) Introduces research methods and data sources to study political science and practice of government. Topics include measurement of political concepts, research design, archival research techniques, survey research and case study development, and data analysis with elementary statistics.
510 American Government and Politics (3:3:0) Examines institutions and processes of American government, including separate institutions of power in national government, theory and practice of federal system, role of interest groups and political parties, and effects of media and public opinion on electoral behavior and policy making. Seminar examining normative and empirical research.
520 Political Theory (3:3:0) Analyzes selected major works of ancient, modern, or contemporary political theory that illuminate basic problems and questions for people engaged in political or civic life. Examines justice, liberty, equality, autonomy, rights, obligation, participation, and nature of politics.
540 International Politics (3:3:0) Focuses on changing structure of international politics, post cold war security issues, effect of globalized economy and information technology revolution, enhanced role of global corporations and nongovernmental organizations, and rise of nonsecurity issues in emerging international agenda.
603 Seminar in the Courts and Constitutional Law (3:3:0)Analyzes role, influence, and effects of U.S. courts in creating constitutional legal norms and interpreting them. Special attention to First and Fourteenth Amendments and Commerce Clause. Lecture and discussion; students expected to read and analyze leading court cases.
605 Seminar in Congress and the Presidency (3:3:0) Surveys major institutions of public policy formulation and implementation at national level in United States, emphasizing how public preferences are translated into public policy. Politics, procedures, and personnel of Congress, presidency, and executive branch bureaucracies are main focus.
631 Seminar in Comparative Politics and Institutions (3:3:0)Examines theories and practices of governance, development, and conflict resolution in comparative national settings. Covers elections in presidential and parliamentary democracies, institutional forms, political cultures, and ideologies. Comparative analysis theories and research reflecting alternative analytic perspectives applied to institutions and political processes of nations, regions.
641 Seminar in Global Systems (3:3:0) Prerequisites: completion of all core courses. Applies systems approach to understanding global politics. Emphasizes properties and functions of global systems such as population, food, disease, energy, and trade, and how world’s political systems interact with them. Discusses how governance at municipal, national, and international levels affected by global systems. Examines role of nongovernmental organizations in global affairs.
703 Seminar in the Courts and Constitutional Law (3:3:0)Analyzes role, influence, and effects of U.S. courts in creating constitutional legal norms and interpreting them. Special attention to First and Fourteenth Amendments and Commerce Clause. Lecture and discussion; students expected to read and analyze leading court cases.
706 Federalism and Changing Patterns of Governance (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Examines broad trends in governance, including theory and practice of key governance choices, with particular focus on intergovernmental relations and changing roles of federal, state, and local governments. May include privatization, devolution, mandating, regulatory reform, and comprehensive federalism reform.
707 Civil Justice (3:3:0) Prerequisite: JLCP 720/GOVT 728, or permission of instructor. Understanding of the civil justice system, rules that govern civil justice, their origins and effects. Strengths and weaknesses of civil law doctrines and processes to understand power of law to order social behavior.
708 Law and Social Control (3:3:0) Prerequisite: JLCP 720/GOVT 728, or permission of instructor. Competing conceptions of law, political systems, and social control. Intellectual traditions behind social control, its definitions, and mechanisms for regulating public and private behavior, by both individuals and organizations in society.
709 Politics of Crime Policy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: JLCP 760/GOVT 792, or permission of instructor. Explores political context of crime policy. Examines influence of public opinion, interest groups, scientific community, and other political forces. In-depth case-study comparison of several crime policies.
713 The Constitution, Criminal Procedure, and Security (3:3:0)Prerequisite: JLCP 720/GOVT 728, or permission of instructor. Explains legal doctrines that form basis of U.S. constitutional procedural rights, how these doctrines develop, and why courts rule as they do. Evaluates strengths, weaknesses of these rights.
715 Statistical Methods in Political Science Research (3:3:0)Prerequisites: GOVT 500. Common statistical techniques employed in political science research including OLS regression, logistic regression, probit, factor analysis, multidimensional scaling, discriminant analysis, cluster analysis, and analysis of variance. Sampling and inferential statistics.
719 Issues in American Politics (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Examines significant issue in American politics and political behavior. Analyzes topic of contemporary and emerging concern. Course may be repeated when topics are different.
725 Democratic Theory and Democratization (3:3:0) Prerequisites: GOVT 520. Examines democracy in terms of versions of liberalism, theories of social capital and civic participation, and discourses about civil, political, and human rights. How is democracy conceptualized normatively and empirically? What underlying economic, social, and cultural conditions promote democracy? What role do institutions play in creating and sustaining a stable democratic society? Takes a broadly comparative perspective, focusing on variety of established and emerging democracies around the world. Elective for students specializing in American government or international politics and comparative governments.
726 Theories of Justice (3:3:0) Overview of ancient and modern theories of justice with application to contemporary issues involving justice system and other social and political institutions.
727 Restorative Justice (3:3:0) Prerequisite: JLCP 700, or permission of instructor. Origins of restorative justice, its principles, implications for different justice organizations and processes, and application to problems such as family violence, human rights, and reconciliation following mass victimizations.
728 Behavior of Law (3:3:0) Examines development of law, and law’s effect on human behavior. Reviews theories of law’s meaning and aims. Examines construction of law, and investigates consequences of law and legal decisions.
731 Advanced Seminar in Comparative Politics (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 540. Assumes basic proficiency in comparative analysis. Addresses theoretical and methodological issues central to comparative politics by focusing on specific topic such as international development, race and ethnicity, and social movements; or region such as Latin America, Asia, Middle East, European Union, Africa, and Russia. Focuses on advanced modes of inquiry through in-depth analysis and discussion. May be repeated for credit when topic is different and with permission of department.
732 Comparative Justice (3:3:0) Prerequisite: JLCP 700/GOVT 726, or permission of instructor. Survey of justice systems and their environments in different lands and cultures. Identifies commonalities and differences among justice systems, evaluates them, and considers policy implications.
739 Issues in Comparative and International Politics (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 540. Explores issues of contemporary and emerging concern in comparative and international politics.
741 Advanced Seminar in International Politics (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 540. Examines theoretical and methodological issues central to study of international relations by focusing on specific topic: American foreign policy, diplomacy, international law and organization, international relations theory, international ethics, human rights and humanitarian intervention, the environment, and others. May be repeated for credit when topic is different and with permission of department.
743 International Political Economy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 343 or equivalent. Examines interplay of international politics and economics. Discusses theoretical perspectives and analytical tools in academic field of international political economy, and applies theories and tools to trade, investment, exchange rates, development, regionalization, and globalization. Explores how international economic and political forces increasingly shape domestic interests, and how domestic politics affect international political economy. Lecture, discussion.
745 Issues in International Security (3:3:0)Prerequisites: GOVT 540. Examines nuclear strategy, arms control, U.S. defense policy, ethics and international security, and international terrorism, among other topics.
755 Seminar in Politics and Bureaucracy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Explores research and theory on political causes and effects of actions of government bureaucratic agencies. Readings examine origins of agencies, influences on decisions and programs, sources of internal and external accountability, pathologies of bureaucracies, and contributions bureaucracies make on effective and just governance.
792 Crime and Crime Policy (3:3:0) Explores relationship between crime policy and empirical evidence about etiology of crime. Includes crime measurement and trends, and effectiveness of various policy interventions.
794 Internship (1-6:0:0) Prerequisite: 12 credits in MAIS-political science concentration. Open only to students admitted to MAIS-political science concentration. Contact internship coordinator one semester before enrollment. Work-study program with specific employers. Credit determined by department.
795 Leadership in Justice and Security Organizations (3:3:0)Prerequisite: JLCP 740/PUAD 790, or permission of instructor. Examines leadership theories and explores fundamental questions about leadership in justice and security organizations today.
796 Directed Readings and Research (1-3:0:0) Prerequisites: 15 credits of GOVT courses at 500 level and above, and permission of instructor. Reading and research on specific topic under direction of faculty member. Written paper required.
798 Political Science Research Project (3:0:0) Prerequisites: 24 credits. Research project related to student’s concentration under supervision of a faculty advisor. Student produces substantial and original contribution to political science knowledge on model of article in scholarly journal. Students take either GOVT 798 or 799.
799 Political Science Thesis (1-6:0:0) Prerequisite: 24 credits, and approval of thesis proposal. Substantial and original research paper with guidance of faculty advisor. Thesis proposal must be approved in advance by advisor and two faculty, who comprise thesis committee. Completed research must be approved by committee and defended publicly in oral presentation. Students take either GOVT 798 or 799. Graded S/NC.
810 American Political Development (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Advanced graduate-level seminar on historical roots of American politics. Examines political culture and historical development of U.S. institutions, and how laws and programs have been affected by historical and cultural development.
811 Advanced Seminar in American Institutions (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Advanced graduate-level seminar on specific topics of contemporary research and theory in American governmental institutions. Topics vary to include presidential politics, Congress, and politics of the judiciary. Readings include classic and contemporary literature. Seminar format with discussion, student presentations. May be repeated for up to 9 credits on different topics.
815 Advanced Seminar in Political Behavior (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Advanced graduate-level seminar on specific topics of contemporary research and theory in American political behavior. Topic varies to include political parties, electoral politics, public opinion and voting behavior, interest groups, and lobbying. Readings include classic and contemporary literature. Seminar format with discussion, student presentations. May be repeated for up to 9 credits on different topics.
820 Advanced Topics in Political Thought (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 520. Advanced graduate-level seminar on topics of contemporary research and theory in political thought. Topics vary to include political ideologies, feminist theory, and political theory. Seminar format with discussion, student presentations. May be repeated for up to 9 credits on different topics.
831 Research Seminar in Regional Political Culture and Development (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 540. Advanced graduate-level seminar on theories of political culture and economic development applied to Middle East, Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Debates economic growth and development from broad and rigorous analytical base.
833 European Union and Political Integration (3:3:0)Prerequisites: GOVT 540 and 631. Advanced graduate-level seminar on European integration and theories of international organizations. Examines evolution of European Union and other international organizations, such as NATO, which have brought most European states together since end of World War II.
841 Ethics and Human Rights in International Affairs (3:3:0)Prerequisite: GOVT 540. Seminar on ethical behavior in an international system in which consensus about ethical matters is absent. Overarching themes are distributive justice, human rights, and use of force. Students develop, apply, and justify their own perspective on an ethical problem using ethical theory and social science research.
843 Diplomacy (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 540. Advanced graduate seminar on theory and practice of diplomacy; alliance construction and destruction; coercive and cooperative diplomacy; diplomacy of certain great powers such as America, Russia, China, France, and Japan, and small and revolutionary powers. Also examines diplomacy and the media, and day-to-day diplomacy.
852 Seminar in Political Leadership (3:3:0) Prerequisite: GOVT 510. Graduate seminar on theories and practices of political and governmental leadership in American and comparative settings. Domestic and comparative cases of leadership in state-building, presidency, and public administration. Primary or secondary research on leaders encouraged.
998 Doctoral Dissertation Proposal (1-6:0:0)Prerequisite: advancement to candidacy. Work on research proposal that forms basis for doctoral dissertation. Graded S/NC.
999 Doctoral Dissertation Research (1-12:0:0)Prerequisite: approval of dissertation proposal. Research on approved dissertation topic under direction of dissertation committee. May be repeated for up to 9 credits in a semester, but no more than 15 total. Graded S/NC.